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Cleaning Up Fish Farms
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Springing forward
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Blotchy Face, Big-Time Wasp
Polar Bears in Trouble
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Seeing red means danger ahead
The Science Fair Circuit
Two monkeys see a more colorful world
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Rheas
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Heaviest named element is official
Small but WISE
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Music of the Future
It's a Small E-mail World After All
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A Really Big (but Extinct) Rodent
The man who rocked biology to its core
Dino Bite Leaves a Tooth
E Learning Jamaica
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
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Greener Diet
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
Sky Dust Keeps Falling on Your Head
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The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
Shrimpy Invaders
A Newspaper's Hidden Cost
Finding the Past
The Puzzle of Ancient Mariners
Little People Cause Big Surprise
Words of the Distant Past
Fish
Electric Catfish
Puffer Fish
Swordfish
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Making good, brown fat
A Pepper Part that Burns Fat
Strong Bones for Life
GSAT English Rules
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Order of Adjectives
Subject and Verb Agreement
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Preparing for the GSAT Exam
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
How are students placed after passing the GSAT exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
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GSAT Mathematics
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Detecting True Art
Math Naturals
Human Body
Disease Detectives
Speedy Gene Gives Runners a Boost
Kids now getting 'adult' disease
Invertebrates
Lice
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Crustaceans
Mammals
Spectacled Bear
Walrus
Yorkshire Terriers
Parents
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Physics
Einstein's Skateboard
The Pressure of Scuba Diving
One ring around them all
Plants
Sweet, Sticky Science
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Seeds of the Future
Reptiles
Gila Monsters
Komodo Dragons
Copperhead Snakes
Space and Astronomy
Ringing Saturn
Roving the Red Planet
Evidence of a Wet Mars
Technology and Engineering
Machine Copy
Roll-Up Computer Monitors to Go
Model Plane Flies the Atlantic
The Parts of Speech
What is a Verb?
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
What is a Preposition?
Transportation
Flying the Hyper Skies
Robots on a Rocky Road
Robots on the Road, Again
Weather
The solar system's biggest junkyard
A Change in Climate
Antarctica warms, which threatens penguins
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Slumber by the numbers

It’s an important question: “On an average school night, how many hours of sleep do you get?” More than 12,000 high school students were recently asked that during a survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The overall answer: not enough. Studies have shown that teenagers really need at least nine hours of sleep, with eight hours considered a “borderline” acceptable amount. In the CDC study, however, only around 900 of the surveyed students reported getting the ideal amount, while an additional 2,800 reported averaging eight hours of shut-eye nightly. Danice Eaton, a research scientist at the CDC, led this most recent survey, which was part of what the agency calls a Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance. Every year, CDC scientists like Eaton ask high school students about behaviors that can harm their health. The questions are on topics such as nutrition, weapons, sex and drug use — and sleep. Sleeplessness, like other behaviors, carries a heavy toll. Scientists ask the survey questions to find a way to help people. Among people between the ages of 10 and 24, nearly three of every four deaths happen for one of the following reasons: motor vehicle accident, other accidents, homicide and suicide. Scientists like the CDC’s Eaton hope that by understanding the risky behaviors, like sleeplessness, that might contribute to these tragedies, they may be able to save lives. Also, without enough sleep, a person might have more trouble learning or exercising good judgment. Over time, people who regularly don’t get enough sleep are more likely to be obese (which means very overweight) or get sick with serious diseases, some studies have found. Other studies have shown that even one night with less sleep than needed can throw off the chemical balance of the body. Most students interviewed got much less than eight hours of sleep. Eaton and her team found that 30.2 percent, or about 3,600 students, sleep for only seven hours per night. About 2,700 students, or 22.8 percent, sleep only six hours per night. About 1,200 students, or 10 percent, reported sleeping five hours, and 5.9 percent, or 708 students, said they slept four hours or less. The CDC’s study identified a problem — but not the cause. Why do teenagers sleep less than they should? Maybe many teens like to work and stay up late. (This can make it rough to get up for school the next morning.) A number of scientific studies suggest some other ideas, as well. Computer use may be a culprit: Some scientists have found that the blue light given off by computer screens may interfere with the body’s internal biological clock — making it difficult to go to sleep. Other scientists have come up with new and interesting ways to help people who can’t sleep. Studies suggest, for example, that a person’s biological clock responds favorably to blue light that is the color of the sky. So perhaps people are biologically “set” to start their day when they see the sky — and when people see a blue computer screen, their bodies misinterpret the light as morning. Some research has shown that donning a pair of yellow glasses at night will block the blue wavelengths. This allows people to become naturally sleepy, even after a long night on the computer. Whatever the cause of too little sleep may turn out to be, the CDC’s effort to identify the problem is an early step toward finding a treatment. Once scientists understand the problem, they can design ways to solve it.

Slumber by the numbers
Slumber by the numbers








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