Agriculture
Silk’s superpowers
Middle school science adventures
Getting the dirt on carbon
Amphibians
Bullfrogs
Newts
Frogs and Toads
Animals
Feeding School for Meerkats
Poor Devils
Who's Knocking?
Behavior
The chemistry of sleeplessness
How Much Babies Know
Nice Chimps
Birds
Crows
Roadrunners
Finches
Chemistry and Materials
Watching out for vultures
Sticking Around with Gecko Tape
Smelly Traps for Lampreys
Computers
Batteries built by Viruses
Getting in Touch with Touch
Nonstop Robot
Dinosaurs and Fossils
The Paleontologist and the Three Dinosaurs
The bug that may have killed a dinosaur
A Big, Weird Dino
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Challenging the Forces of Nature
Greener Diet
Undersea Vent System Active for Ages
Environment
The Birds are Falling
An Ocean View's Downside
Hazy with a Chance of Sunshine
Finding the Past
Words of the Distant Past
Stone Age Sole Survivors
Digging Up Stone Age Art
Fish
Eels
Marlin
Salmon
Food and Nutrition
How Super Are Superfruits?
A Taste for Cheese
A Pepper Part that Burns Fat
GSAT English Rules
Pronouns
Adjectives and Adverbs
Subject and Verb Agreement
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
How are students placed after passing the GSAT exam
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
Preparing for the GSAT Exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
Access denied - Disabled boy aces GSAT
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT Mathematics
Monkeys Count
Setting a Prime Number Record
GSAT Mathematics Quiz, Teaching Math, teaching anxiety
Human Body
The tell-tale bacteria
Tapeworms and Drug Delivery
Walking to Exercise the Brain
Invertebrates
Flatworms
Flies
Hermit Crabs
Mammals
Manatees
Hamsters
Sea Lions
Parents
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
Physics
Hold on to your stars, ladies and gentlemen
The Mirror Universe of Antimatter
Invisibility Ring
Plants
Farms sprout in cities
Stalking Plants by Scent
Getting the dirt on carbon
Reptiles
Komodo Dragons
Geckos
Sea Turtles
Space and Astronomy
A Galaxy Far, Far, Far Away
Evidence of a Wet Mars
Sounds of Titan
Technology and Engineering
Machine Copy
Toy Challenge
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
The Parts of Speech
Pronouns
What is a Verb?
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transportation
Tinkering With the Basic Bike
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
Reach for the Sky
Weather
Polar Ice Feels the Heat
Where rivers run uphill
Either Martians or Mars has gas
Add your Article

Robots on a Rocky Road

Here's the challenge. Design a vehicle that can travel 142 miles across the desert between Los Angeles and Las Vegas. Your invention will have to stop at a number of checkpoints along the way, and it'll be racing more than a dozen other vehicles. Among the 15 teams that made it to the final round on March 13, spirits were high when the race started at 6:30 a.m. in Barstow, Calif. Less than 4 hours later, all the vehicles had crashed, stalled, caught fire, or leaked oil. The vehicle that made it the farthest, from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh, covered just 7.4 miles before slamming into a roadside barrier that stopped it dead. Based on these results, you might think that the competition was a total failure. After all, none of the machines even came close to finishing. To most team members and DARPA organizers, however, the first annual Grand Challenge was a great success. "We were very, very satisfied with the performance of all the teams," said DARPA's Jan Walker. "We gave them a big challenge, and they really stepped up to it." Smart machines No one really expected perfection on the first try. According to DARPA, one main goal of the Grand Challenge is to push forward the technology for self-navigating, or autonomous, vehicles. Developing such vehicles will take time, and DARPA is trying to steer research in that direction. "Smart" vehicles could replace people in battle and other dangerous situations, said Air Force Col. Jose Negron, Grand Challenge program manager. He answered questions on the radio program Science Friday the day before the competition. "The most important thing," Negron said, "is that this technology will come back to the United States military to help save human lives." The U.S. Congress has ordered the army to replace at least one third of its battlefield vehicles with autonomous versions by the year 2015. The other main goal of the competition is to seek out new ideas and technologies from people not already working with the military. Anyone and everyone—students, backyard enthusiasts, the nation's top scientists—were invited to take part. "We're really trying to find that new idea out there," Negron said. New ideas Indeed, ideas came from all over the place, and strategies were as varied as the people who came up with them. The most sophisticated technologies came from teams with the biggest budgets. Carnegie Mellon, for one, spent $3.5 million and had major sponsors backing its effort. Teams with less money had to be more crafty. Still, vehicles in the competition shared some basic capabilities. For one thing, all had sensors that took in information about the world around them. The Carnegie Mellon vehicle, a souped-up Humvee (HMMWV) called Sandstorm, had two cameras set up like a pair of eyes to produce three-dimensional images of the terrain in front of it. It also used radar and laser ranging to gather information about the vehicle's surroundings. As data came pouring in from the sensors, on-board computers translated the information into a streaming view of the world. The vehicle then had to react appropriately, steering clear of boulders and other obstacles or staying on a steep, narrow, winding road. In this year's Grand Challenge, DARPA officials didn't reveal the precise route until 4 a.m. of the day of the race. Teams then had just a few hours to load landmarks and other details into their vehicle computers and program Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers for navigation. The route was a challenge for everybody. The first 5 miles alone featured dirt roads, huge boulders, and lots of steep switchbacks. Next year Most teams left the competition determined to come back with better systems and vehicles. "We will improve the stereo cameras, radar, and laser immediately," said CMU team leader William L. "Red" Whitaker. The team also wants to enhance the vehicle's planning of its course. The team's military surplus Humvee proved to be tough and reliable, Whitaker said. Nonetheless, it hopes to upgrade its vehicle to a newer model for next year's challenge. CMU's team is into speed as much as accuracy, Whitaker emphasized. Sandstorm travels as fast as 40 miles per hour. While university engineers such as Whitaker were applying decades of experience to the challenge, teenagers from California were learning some lessons of their own. About 40 kids from Palos Verdes High School worked on a donated Acura, which qualified for the race. "We used a laser rangefinder and GPS," said Nathan Howard, a 17-year-old junior with the Palos Verdes team. "We didn't read any technical manuals. We just sort of worked things out in our heads and programmed them up and then tested them out in the car." On race day, the team's vehicle missed a turn near the start and crashed into a barrier. Next year, the students plan to reorganize their team into small work groups and focus on fine-tuning the car's steering components. They'll also apply some of the things they learned this year about planning and taking projects one step at a time. Nevertheless, the students were happy with how they did. "I'm proud of our effort," Howard said. "It showed that our ideas were feasible and that the car could work." Other teams were impressed, too. "The most wonderful thing about this year's competition was meeting future generations that will do this kind of work," Whitaker said. "Kids out there should know that robotics is looking to them . . . to achieve what hasn't been done yet." The next big idea could be yours. Start your engine!

Robots on a Rocky Road
Robots on a Rocky Road








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™