Agriculture
Seeds of the Future
Keeping Bugs Away from Food
Microbes at the Gas Pump
Amphibians
Toads
Newts
Bullfrogs
Animals
Chicken Talk
From Chimps to People
Bee Heat Cooks Invaders
Behavior
Math is a real brain bender
Night of the living ants
The Disappearing Newspaper
Birds
Turkeys
Rheas
Backyard Birds
Chemistry and Materials
Popping to Perfection
The Incredible Shrunken Kids
Undercover Detectives
Computers
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Programming with Alice
The hungry blob at the edge of the universe
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Supersight for a Dino King
An Ancient Spider's Web
Fossil Fly from Antarctica
E Learning Jamaica
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
A Volcano Wakes Up
Ice Age Melting and Rising Seas
Environment
Where rivers run uphill
When Fungi and Algae Marry
Pollution Detective
Finding the Past
Unearthing Ancient Astronomy
Big Woman of the Distant Past
Preserving Ancient Warrior Paint
Fish
Electric Catfish
Puffer Fish
Lampreys
Food and Nutrition
Chocolate Rules
Strong Bones for Life
Yummy bugs
GSAT English Rules
Whoever vs. Whomever
Problems with Prepositions
Who vs. That vs. Which
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Access denied - Disabled boy aces GSAT
GSAT Mathematics
Math is a real brain bender
Losing with Heads or Tails
Prime Time for Cicadas
Human Body
Germ Zapper
Taking the sting out of scorpion venom
Smiles Turn Away Colds
Invertebrates
Mussels
Starfish
Camel Spiders
Mammals
Persian Cats
Aardvarks
Rottweilers
Parents
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Physics
Strange Universe: The Stuff of Darkness
Dreams of Floating in Space
Electric Backpack
Plants
Fastest Plant on Earth
Flower family knows its roots
Springing forward
Reptiles
Cobras
Boa Constrictors
Crocodiles
Space and Astronomy
Pluto's New Moons
An Icy Blob of Fluff
Rover Makes Splash on Mars
Technology and Engineering
Spinach Power for Solar Cells
Model Plane Flies the Atlantic
Machine Copy
The Parts of Speech
Pronouns
Problems with Prepositions
Adjectives and Adverbs
Transportation
Flying the Hyper Skies
Tinkering With the Basic Bike
Reach for the Sky
Weather
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Recipe for a Hurricane
Watering the Air
Add your Article

Pelicans

A pelican is any of several very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae. Along with the darters, cormorants, gannets, boobies, frigate birds, and tropicbirds, they make up the order Pelecaniformes. Like other birds in that group, pelicans have all four toes webbed. Who Needs Variety? The seven species of pelican are generally similar in shape, and except for one species, have white plumage. Their most famous feature is their elongated bills and massive throat pouches. The bill can grow to be 40-50 cm long, and is usually larger in males than females. Spot-billed Pelican: This is a small pelican, at 125-150 cm length. It is mainly white, with a grey crest, hind neck and tail. In breeding plumage, there is a pink tone to the rump and under wings. Non-breeders are off-white in these areas, and immature birds are more extensively brown. As the species' name implies, there are grey spots on the pink bill in the breeding season. Two Ways of Feeding: 1. Group fishing is a technique used by white pelicans all over the world. They will form a line to chase schools of small fish into shallow water, and then simply scoop them up. Large fish are caught with the bill-tip, then tossed up in the air to be caught and slid into the gullet head first. 2. Plunge-diving, used almost exclusively by the American Brown Pelican, but only rarely by white pelicans like the Peruvian Pelican of the western South American coast, or the Australian Pelican. Ancient Species Almost Everywhere: From the fossil record, it is known that pelicans have been around for over 40 million years. Modern pelicans are found on all continents except Antarctica: they are birds of inland and coastal waters and are absent from polar regions, the deep ocean, oceanic islands, and inland South America. Nesting Season: Pelicans are gregarious and nest colonially, the male bringing the material, the female heaping it up to form a simple structure. Pairs are monogamous for a single season but the pair bond extends only to the nesting area; away from the nest mates are independent. American White Pelican: The American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a very large (50"70") white bird with black wing tips and an enormous orange bill. They have a wing span of approximately 3 m . They are graceful in flight, moving their wings in slow powerful strokes. Socialist Bird: Unlike the Brown Pelican, the American White Pelican does not dive for its food. Instead it practices cooperative fishing. Each bird eats more than 4 pounds of fish a day, mostly carp, chubs, shiners, yellow perch, catfish, and jackfish. Nest and Nestlings: White Pelicans nest in colonies of several hundred pairs on islands in remote brackish and freshwater lakes of inland North America. The most northerly nesting colony can be found on islands in the rapids of the Slave River between Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta and Fort Smith, Northwest Territories. The female lays 2 or 3 eggs in a shallow depression on the ground. Both parents incubate.They winter in central California and along the Pacific coast of Guatemala; also along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. Pelicans in Danger: Shooting by poachers is the largest known cause of mortality. Colonies are sensitive to disturbance and visits by humans can cause the pelicans to leave and abandon their nests. This species is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty of 1972. Pelican Symbolism: Self-sacrificing: In medieval Europe, the pelican was thought to be particularly attentive to her young, to the point of providing her own blood when no other food was available. As a result, the pelican became a symbol of the Passion of Jesus and of the Eucharist. It also became a symbol in bestiaries for self-sacrifice, and was used in heraldry ("a pelican in her piety" or "a pelican vulning (wounding) herself"). Another version of this is that the Pelican used to kill its young and then resurrect them with its blood, this being analogous to the sacrifice of Jesus. This legend may have arisen because the pelican used to suffer from a disease that left a red mark on its chest. Alternatively it may be that pelicans look as if they are doing that as they often press their bill into their chest to fully empty their pouch. State Symbol: The symbol is used today on the Louisiana state flag and Louisiana state seal, as the Brown pelican is the Louisiana state bird.

Pelicans
Pelicans








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™