Agriculture
Getting the dirt on carbon
Vitamin D-licious Mushrooms
Making the most of a meal
Amphibians
Bullfrogs
Frogs and Toads
Toads
Animals
Red Apes in Danger
Ants on Stilts
Cannibal Crickets
Behavior
Supersonic Splash
Sugar-pill medicine
Pondering the puzzling platypus
Birds
Dodos
Woodpecker
Parrots
Chemistry and Materials
The Taste of Bubbles
Sugary Survival Skill
Makeup Science
Computers
Batteries built by Viruses
Secrets of an Ancient Computer
The science of disappearing
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Digging Dinos
Feathered Fossils
Teeny Skull Reveals Ancient Ancestor
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Explorer of the Extreme Deep
Detecting an Eerie Sea Glow
Rocking the House
Environment
Fishing for Fun Takes Toll
The Down Side of Keeping Clean
Sea Otters, Kelp, and Killer Whales
Finding the Past
Stone Tablet May Solve Maya Mystery
Preserving Ancient Warrior Paint
Early Maya Writing
Fish
Sting Ray
Skates
A Jellyfish's Blurry View
Food and Nutrition
A Taste for Cheese
Yummy bugs
Chew for Health
GSAT English Rules
Order of Adjectives
Finding Subjects and Verbs
Capitalization Rules
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
The Annual GSAT Scholarships
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
Access denied - Disabled boy aces GSAT
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT Mathematics
GSAT Mathematics Quiz, Teaching Math, teaching anxiety
Math of the World
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
Human Body
Nature's Medicines
Hear, Hear
A Long Haul
Invertebrates
Invertebrates
Hermit Crabs
Giant Clam
Mammals
Rhinoceros
Chipmunks
Capybaras
Parents
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
How children learn
Children and Media
Physics
Powering Ball Lightning
The Mirror Universe of Antimatter
Hold on to your stars, ladies and gentlemen
Plants
Sweet, Sticky Science
Underwater Jungles
White fuzzy mold not as friendly as it looks
Reptiles
Rattlesnakes
Cobras
Komodo Dragons
Space and Astronomy
A Whole Lot of Nothing
Saturn's New Moons
Return to Space
Technology and Engineering
Shape Shifting
Young Scientists Take Flight
Spinach Power for Solar Cells
The Parts of Speech
What is a Preposition?
Pronouns
Problems with Prepositions
Transportation
Robots on the Road, Again
How to Fly Like a Bat
Revving Up Green Machines
Weather
Either Martians or Mars has gas
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
Arctic Melt
Add your Article

Pelicans

A pelican is any of several very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae. Along with the darters, cormorants, gannets, boobies, frigate birds, and tropicbirds, they make up the order Pelecaniformes. Like other birds in that group, pelicans have all four toes webbed. Who Needs Variety? The seven species of pelican are generally similar in shape, and except for one species, have white plumage. Their most famous feature is their elongated bills and massive throat pouches. The bill can grow to be 40-50 cm long, and is usually larger in males than females. Spot-billed Pelican: This is a small pelican, at 125-150 cm length. It is mainly white, with a grey crest, hind neck and tail. In breeding plumage, there is a pink tone to the rump and under wings. Non-breeders are off-white in these areas, and immature birds are more extensively brown. As the species' name implies, there are grey spots on the pink bill in the breeding season. Two Ways of Feeding: 1. Group fishing is a technique used by white pelicans all over the world. They will form a line to chase schools of small fish into shallow water, and then simply scoop them up. Large fish are caught with the bill-tip, then tossed up in the air to be caught and slid into the gullet head first. 2. Plunge-diving, used almost exclusively by the American Brown Pelican, but only rarely by white pelicans like the Peruvian Pelican of the western South American coast, or the Australian Pelican. Ancient Species Almost Everywhere: From the fossil record, it is known that pelicans have been around for over 40 million years. Modern pelicans are found on all continents except Antarctica: they are birds of inland and coastal waters and are absent from polar regions, the deep ocean, oceanic islands, and inland South America. Nesting Season: Pelicans are gregarious and nest colonially, the male bringing the material, the female heaping it up to form a simple structure. Pairs are monogamous for a single season but the pair bond extends only to the nesting area; away from the nest mates are independent. American White Pelican: The American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a very large (50"70") white bird with black wing tips and an enormous orange bill. They have a wing span of approximately 3 m . They are graceful in flight, moving their wings in slow powerful strokes. Socialist Bird: Unlike the Brown Pelican, the American White Pelican does not dive for its food. Instead it practices cooperative fishing. Each bird eats more than 4 pounds of fish a day, mostly carp, chubs, shiners, yellow perch, catfish, and jackfish. Nest and Nestlings: White Pelicans nest in colonies of several hundred pairs on islands in remote brackish and freshwater lakes of inland North America. The most northerly nesting colony can be found on islands in the rapids of the Slave River between Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta and Fort Smith, Northwest Territories. The female lays 2 or 3 eggs in a shallow depression on the ground. Both parents incubate.They winter in central California and along the Pacific coast of Guatemala; also along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. Pelicans in Danger: Shooting by poachers is the largest known cause of mortality. Colonies are sensitive to disturbance and visits by humans can cause the pelicans to leave and abandon their nests. This species is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty of 1972. Pelican Symbolism: Self-sacrificing: In medieval Europe, the pelican was thought to be particularly attentive to her young, to the point of providing her own blood when no other food was available. As a result, the pelican became a symbol of the Passion of Jesus and of the Eucharist. It also became a symbol in bestiaries for self-sacrifice, and was used in heraldry ("a pelican in her piety" or "a pelican vulning (wounding) herself"). Another version of this is that the Pelican used to kill its young and then resurrect them with its blood, this being analogous to the sacrifice of Jesus. This legend may have arisen because the pelican used to suffer from a disease that left a red mark on its chest. Alternatively it may be that pelicans look as if they are doing that as they often press their bill into their chest to fully empty their pouch. State Symbol: The symbol is used today on the Louisiana state flag and Louisiana state seal, as the Brown pelican is the Louisiana state bird.

Pelicans
Pelicans








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™