Agriculture
Getting the dirt on carbon
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Vitamin D-licious Mushrooms
Amphibians
Newts
Toads
Bullfrogs
Animals
A Jellyfish's Blurry View
Crocodile Hearts
Copybees
Behavior
The chemistry of sleeplessness
From dipping to fishing
Brainy bees know two from three
Birds
Rheas
Storks
Turkeys
Chemistry and Materials
Fog Buster
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
Bang, Sparkle, Burst, and Boom
Computers
Programming with Alice
Middle school science adventures
Galaxies on the go
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Fingerprinting Fossils
The man who rocked biology to its core
Digging Dinos
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Surf Watch
Giving Sharks Safe Homes
Easy Ways to Conserve Water
Environment
What is groundwater
Giant snakes invading North America
Indoor ozone stopper
Finding the Past
Traces of Ancient Campfires
Early Maya Writing
Little People Cause Big Surprise
Fish
Basking Sharks
Manta Rays
Tuna
Food and Nutrition
Allergies: From Bee Stings to Peanuts
The Color of Health
Food for Life
GSAT English Rules
Capitalization Rules
Problems with Prepositions
Who vs. Whom
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Mastering The GSAT Exam
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Access denied - Disabled boy aces GSAT
GSAT Mathematics
Losing with Heads or Tails
Math Naturals
Secrets of an Ancient Computer
Human Body
Flu Patrol
Running with Sneaker Science
Taking the sting out of scorpion venom
Invertebrates
Caterpillars
Shrimps
Corals
Mammals
Hamsters
Deers
Polar Bear
Parents
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
How children learn
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Physics
Black Hole Journey
Hold on to your stars, ladies and gentlemen
The Pressure of Scuba Diving
Plants
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Hungry bug seeks hot meal
The algae invasion
Reptiles
Komodo Dragons
Iguanas
Snakes
Space and Astronomy
Return to Space
Holes in Martian moon mystery
Pluto's New Moons
Technology and Engineering
A Satellite of Your Own
Crime Lab
A Clean Getaway
The Parts of Speech
What is a Noun
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
What is a Preposition?
Transportation
Flying the Hyper Skies
Middle school science adventures
Robots on a Rocky Road
Weather
Weekend Weather Really Is Different
A Dire Shortage of Water
Warmest Year on Record
Add your Article

Oxen

Oxen (plural of ox) are cattle trained as draft animals. Often they are adult, castrated males. Usually an ox is over four years old due to the need for training and for time to grow to full size. Oxen are used for plowing, transport, hauling cargo, grain-grinding by trampling or by powering machines, irrigation by powering pumps, and wagon drawing. Oxen were commonly used to skid logs in forests, and sometimes still are, in low-impact select-cut logging. Contrary to popular American lore, an "ox" is not a unique breed of bovine, nor have any "blue" oxen lived outside the folk tales surrounding Paul Bunyan, the mythical American logger. Ox Education: An ox is nothing more than a mature bovine with an "education". The education consists of the animal's learning to respond appropriately to the teamster's (ox driver's) commands: in North America such as (1) get up, (2) whoa, (3) back up, (4) gee (turn to the right) and (5) haw (turn to the left). American ox trainers favored larger breeds for their ability to do more work in addition to their intelligence (the ability to learn); for the same reason, the typical ox is the male of a breed, rather than the smaller female. Females are potentially more useful producing calves and milk. Also, the gait of the ox is often important to ox trainers, since the speed the animal walks should roughly match the gait of the ox driver who must work with it. Beast of Burden: Oxen are most often used in teams of two, paired, for light work such as carting. In past days some teams were about fourteen, and even over twenty for logging. A wooden yoke is fastened about the neck of each pair so that the force of draft is distributed across their shoulders. From calves, oxen are chosen with horns since the horns hold the yoke in place when the oxen lower their heads, back up or slow down (particularly with a wheeled vehicle going downhill). Yoked oxen cannot slow a load like harnessed horses can; the load has to be controlled downhill by other means. Oxen must be painstakingly trained from a young age. Their teamster must make or buy as many as a dozen yokes of different sizes as the animals grow. Ox teams are steered by commands or noise (whip cracks) and many teamsters were known for their voices and language. 14 Ox-Power: Oxen can pull harder and longer than horses, particularly on obstinate or almost un-movable loads. This is one of the reasons that teams were dragging logs from forests long after horses had taken over most other draught uses in Europe and the New World. Though not as fast as horses, they are less prone to injury because they are more sure-footed and do not try to jerk the load. Many oxen are still in use worldwide, especially in Developing countries. In the Third World oxen can lead lives of misery. They are frequently half starved. Oxen are driven with sticks and goads when they are weak from malnutrition. When there is insufficient food for humans animal welfare has low priority.

Oxen
Oxen








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™