Agriculture
Springing forward
New Gene Fights Potato Blight
Silk’s superpowers
Amphibians
Bullfrogs
Toads
Poison Dart Frogs
Animals
Sea Lilies on the Run
Insects Take a Breather
Ant Invasions Change the Rules
Behavior
Math Naturals
A Global Warming Flap
When Darwin got sick of feathers
Birds
Cranes
Dodos
Tropical Birds
Chemistry and Materials
A Light Delay
Sticky Silky Feet
Bang, Sparkle, Burst, and Boom
Computers
Nonstop Robot
Troubles with Hubble
Lighting goes digital
Dinosaurs and Fossils
A Dino King's Ancestor
Dino-Dining Dinosaurs
A Big, Weird Dino
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Explorer of the Extreme Deep
Petrified Lightning
Slower Growth, Greater Warmth
Environment
Bald Eagles Forever
Eating Up Foul Sewage Smells
Sounds and Silence
Finding the Past
Oldest Writing in the New World
Fakes in the museum
Chicken of the Sea
Fish
Piranha
Trout
Flashlight Fishes
Food and Nutrition
Allergies: From Bee Stings to Peanuts
Yummy bugs
The mercury in that tuna
GSAT English Rules
Adjectives and Adverbs
Pronouns
Problems with Prepositions
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
March 21-22, 2013: Over 43,000 students will take the GSAT Exam
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
GSAT Scholarship
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT Mathematics
Deep-space dancers
Losing with Heads or Tails
Detecting True Art
Human Body
Germ Zapper
Sun Screen
Nature's Medicines
Invertebrates
Leeches
Octopuses
Daddy Long Legs
Mammals
Bobcats
Polar Bear
Cocker Spaniels
Parents
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
Physics
Speedy stars
Echoes of a Stretched Egg
One ring around them all
Plants
Hungry bug seeks hot meal
Fast-flying fungal spores
Seeds of the Future
Reptiles
Geckos
Snakes
Copperhead Snakes
Space and Astronomy
Planets on the Edge
A Dead Star's Dusty Ring
Galaxies Divide Sharply Along Color Lines
Technology and Engineering
Young Scientists Take Flight
A Satellite of Your Own
Smart Windows
The Parts of Speech
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
What is a Noun
Adjectives and Adverbs
Transportation
Troubles with Hubble
Ready, unplug, drive
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
Weather
Recipe for a Hurricane
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
A Dire Shortage of Water
Add your Article

Millipedes

Millipedes or millepedes (Class Diplopoda, previously also known as Chilognatha) are very elongated arthropods with cylindrical bodies that have two pairs of legs for each one of their 20 to 100 or more body segments (except for the first segment behind the head which does not have any appendages at all, and the few next which only have one pair of legs). Each segment that has two pairs of legs is a result of two single segments fused together as one. These animals are detritivores, slow and nonvenomous; unlike the somewhat similar and closely related centipedes (Class Chilopoda), which can be easily distinguished by their single pair of legs for each body segment. Most millipedes eat decaying leaves and other dead plant matter, moisturizing the food with secretions and then scraping it in with the jaws. Not quite a thousand legs: The millipede's most obvious feature is its large number of legs. In fact its name is a compound word formed from the Latin roots milli ("thousand") and ped ("foot"). Despite their name, these creatures do not have a thousand legs, although some rare species have up to 750. However, common species have between 80 and 400 legs. Short legs = slow: Having very many short legs makes millipedes rather slow, but they are powerful burrowers. Waving their body length and with the legs moving in a wavelike pattern, they easily force their way underground, head first. They also seem to have some engineering ability, reinforcing the tunnel by rearranging the particles around it. The head contains a pair of sensory organs known as the Tömösváry organs. These are found just posterior and lateral to the antennae, and is shaped as small and oval rings at the base of the antennae. They are probably used to measure the humidity in the surroundings, and they may have some chemoreceptory abilities too. Tight coil defense: Due to their lack of speed, millipedes' primary defense mechanism is to curl into a tight coil—protecting their delicate legs inside an armoured body exterior. Many species also emit a somewhat poisonous liquid secretion or hydrogen cyanide gas through microscopic pores along the sides of their bodies as a secondary defense. Some of these substances are acidic and can burn the exoskeleton of ants and other insect predators, and the skin and eyes of larger predators. As far as humans are concerned, this chemical brew is fairly harmless, although it should never be eaten or applied to the eyes. Because of this, caution should be used when handling millipedes. Lemurs have been known to intentionally irritate millipedes in order to rub the chemicals on themselves to repel insect pests, and possibly to produce a psychoactive effect. Some millipede species may be amphibious. Millipedes stink when irritated - or crushed! Millipedes, especially if irritated or crushed, give off an offensive odor, often to the annoyance of homeowners. To rid millipedes from an indoor environment with minimal spread of odor, it is best to vacuum them and soon discard the bag so that the vacuum does not retain the smell of the foul odor.

Millipedes
Millipedes








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™