Agriculture
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Treating peanut allergy bit by bit
Chicken Eggs as Drug Factories
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Toads
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Salamanders and Newts
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Cannibal Crickets
Red Apes in Danger
Putting a Mouse on Pause
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Internet Generation
Seeing red means danger ahead
Birds
Cranes
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Music of the Future
Toxic Dirt + Avian Flu = Science Fair Success
Unscrambling a Gem of a Mystery
Computers
Games with a Purpose
Secrets of an Ancient Computer
Look into My Eyes
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Mini T. rex
Fossil Forests
Meet the new dinos
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Earth
Earth Rocks On
Springing forward
Wave of Destruction
Environment
Bald Eagles Forever
A Newspaper's Hidden Cost
Fungus Hunt
Finding the Past
Ancient Art on the Rocks
Settling the Americas
If Only Bones Could Speak
Fish
Flounder
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Hagfish
Food and Nutrition
Chocolate Rules
In Search of the Perfect French Fry
Turning to Sweets, Fats to Calm the Brain
GSAT English Rules
Who vs. Whom
Whoever vs. Whomever
Finding Subjects and Verbs
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
GSAT Scholarship
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Mathematics
It's a Math World for Animals
Math and our number sense: PassGSAT.com
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Human Body
Football Scrapes and Nasty Infections
A Sour Taste in Your Mouth
Spit Power
Invertebrates
Corals
Daddy Long Legs
Sponges
Mammals
Bumblebee Bats
Hares
Rats
Parents
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
Physics
Hold on to your stars, ladies and gentlemen
Project Music
Speedy stars
Plants
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Stalking Plants by Scent
Springing forward
Reptiles
Turtles
Crocodiles
Snapping Turtles
Space and Astronomy
A Darker, Warmer Red Planet
Sun Flips Out to Flip-Flop
Roving the Red Planet
Technology and Engineering
Model Plane Flies the Atlantic
Musclebots Take Some Steps
Slip Sliming Away
The Parts of Speech
What is a Preposition?
What is a Noun
Pronouns
Transportation
Where rivers run uphill
Tinkering With the Basic Bike
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
Weather
Science loses out when ice caps melt
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Watering the Air
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Life on the Down Low

There are few places that scientists haven't explored. In their searches for exotic life on Earth, researchers have ventured into even the driest deserts and the steamiest jungles. But conditions in the deep ocean are so extreme that very little is known about life at the bottom of the sea. The deep sea is one of Earth's last frontiers. Now, a team of scientists from eight countries has completed the first survey of life in the deep waters off Antarctica. The team worked aboard a German icebreaker called Polarstern. An icebreaker is a special ship that can withstand strong storms and push through ice on the water's surface. To catch deep-sea creatures, the team lowered a scoop to the ocean floor. It took 6 to 8 hours to lower and raise the scoop just once. The sampling sites were up to 4 miles below the ocean's surface. The effort was worthwhile. Before this expedition, researchers had thought that few creatures would be able to live in the harsh Antarctic ocean conditions. They thought deep-sea life would be less diverse than life in warmer waters. But the scientists were in for a surprise. They found unexpected diversity among deep-sea creatures. What's more, many of these creatures had never before been seen. For example, of the 674 species of isopods picked up by the team, 585 were new to science. (Isopods are a type of crustacean that includes pill bugs, little grey bugs found in many gardens.) That's more new isopod species than have been found in shallower Antarctic waters in the entire past century. Researchers also found other surprises, including carnivorous (meat-eating) sponges. The sponges and most of the other bottom dwellers that the researchers found were largely white. No light reaches such depths, so most are blind. How do these organisms survive in the frigid, inky-black waters? First of all, their bodies are specially adapted to the cold. And when it comes to food, many are scavengers. Their diets consist mainly of debris (little pieces of carcasses and food excreted by other animals) that drifts down from above. Scientists call this debris "marine snow." By the time some of this debris gets to these deep-water creatures, it's already made its way through the bodies of two or three other sea creatures, the researchers say. Many questions remain about how the creatures can survive in such harsh conditions. The deep-sea dwellers collected by the team may provide answers. The data will also help scientists figure out how ocean species migrate and how their ecosystems develop. There's a lot of ocean left to explore!óJ.L. Pegg

Life on the Down Low
Life on the Down Low








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