Agriculture
Flush-Free Fertilizer
Hungry bug seeks hot meal
New Gene Fights Potato Blight
Amphibians
Bullfrogs
Newts
Tree Frogs
Animals
Polly Shouldn't Get a Cracker
Monkeys Count
A Grim Future for Some Killer Whales
Behavior
The Snappy Lingo of Instant Messages
Training Your Brain to Feel Less Pain
Video Game Violence
Birds
Woodpecker
Eagles
Cardinals
Chemistry and Materials
Bang, Sparkle, Burst, and Boom
The Taste of Bubbles
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
Computers
A New Look at Saturn's rings
Nonstop Robot
Play for Science
Dinosaurs and Fossils
A Big, Weird Dino
Ancient Critter Caught Shedding Its Skin
Dinosaurs Grow Up
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
A Volcano's Deadly Ash
Distant Quake Changes Geyser Eruptions
Riding to Earth's Core
Environment
Nanosponges Soak Up Pollutants
Will Climate Change Depose Monarchs?
The Birds are Falling
Finding the Past
Childhood's Long History
Your inner Neandertal
An Ancient Childhood
Fish
Bass
Swordfish
Eels
Food and Nutrition
Food for Life
A Pepper Part that Burns Fat
Yummy bugs
GSAT English Rules
Who vs. Whom
Pronouns
Capitalization Rules
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Ministry of Education Announces 82 GSAT Scholarships for 2010
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Mastering The GSAT Exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Mathematics
Math Naturals
Math is a real brain bender
A Sweet Advance in Candy Packing
Human Body
Sea Kids See Clearly Underwater
Spitting Up Blobs to Get Around
Opening a Channel for Tasting Salt
Invertebrates
Jellyfish
Nautiluses
Invertebrates
Mammals
Lhasa Apsos
Asian Elephants
Cats
Parents
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
How children learn
Physics
Speedy stars
Dreams of Floating in Space
Gaining a Swift Lift
Plants
Fastest Plant on Earth
Plants Travel Wind Highways
White fuzzy mold not as friendly as it looks
Reptiles
Geckos
Crocodilians
Rattlesnakes
Space and Astronomy
Wrong-way planets do gymnastics
Supernovas Shed Light on Dark Energy
Catching a Comet's Tail
Technology and Engineering
Crime Lab
Young Scientists Take Flight
Toy Challenge
The Parts of Speech
What is a Noun
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Problems with Prepositions
Transportation
Reach for the Sky
Flying the Hyper Skies
Middle school science adventures
Weather
Either Martians or Mars has gas
Recipe for a Hurricane
Antarctica warms, which threatens penguins
Add your Article

Indoor ozone stopper

Ozone is a chemical that can be both friend and foe to human beings — depending on where it is. In the atmosphere, high overhead, ozone protects Earth from harmful radiation that comes from the sun. But at Earth’s surface, ozone is better known as air pollution, and breathing it can be dangerous. Going inside is safer, but it doesn’t completely protect a person from pollution: Ozone can creep into buildings and homes and still pose a threat because it irritates the lungs. Inside a building, levels are much lower than outside because ozone changes when it runs into something like furniture. A new study identified yet another layer of protection that keeps ozone out of our bodies — human skin. Skin contains many different kinds of oils. It’s easy to see: Just press your finger against a sheet of glass and observe. Your fingerprint is outlined in oil. When ozone in the air meets the oils in human skin, there is a chemical reaction. That means that the molecules of ozone — and possibly the molecules of oil — change. Ozone is a lot like the oxygen we breathe. The kind that we breathe is made of diatomic molecules, which means each molecule has two atoms. But ozone has an extra: It is made of three oxygen atoms connected together. This extra atom makes ozone behave differently than typical oxygen. Ozone is both poisonous and protective. For the new study, the scientists gathered information about the dust in the bedrooms of 500 children who live on the Danish island of Fyn. This dust, the scientists found, contained many different chemicals. One was a phthalate, which is a controversial chemical found in many plastics and other materials and that might harm to the hormone balance in humans. The scientists weren’t surprised to find a phthalate because these chemicals are everywhere. They were surprised to find large amounts of cholesterol and squalene. (Squalene is a fat that makes up about 10 percent of the oil in human skin.) Then the researchers realized that both of these things can be found in human skin. The human body regrows its outer layer of skin every two to four weeks, and bits and pieces of the old skin break off — to become dust. In this study, the researchers determined that skin flakes on surfaces were covering those surfaces with squalene, thus making those windows, doors or couches break up ozone as well as skin does. “We’ve known that the ozone indoors is being gobbled up,” Charles Weschler told Science News. “But we really didn’t know what’s doing the gobbling.” Now, he finds, “this squalene is just great at chewing up ozone.” Weschler, a scientist at the University of Medicine and Dentistry, New Jersey, in Piscataway, worked on the new study. It may seem like good news that human skin helps indoor spaces fight off dangerous ozone. After all, if the ozone goes away, then a person won’t breathe it and face the bad health effects. But that may not be the case: Emerging research suggests this battle with ozone might present its own dangers. In a different experiment, scientists in Austria mixed together ozone and skin oils in the laboratory. They found that, even though this mixing gets rid of ozone, it also creates new kinds of pollution. One in particular, called 4-oxopentanal (or 4-OPA), might be particularly dangerous. Until now, scientists have not analyzed 4-OPA to see how toxic it is, but that’s changing. Yet another team of scientists are working on this chemical at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in Morgantown, W.V. In early studies, the researchers found evidence that 4-OPA may be even worse than ozone. In other words, the ozone may be gone — but what’s left in its place may be even worse for human health. In the end, scientists want to know exactly what’s going on with the molecules that we breathe — and they hope this information will help us find new ways to protect our health. But the scientific journey from the first experiment (in the children’s bedrooms) is long, requiring study after study by scientists who can learn from each other.

Indoor ozone stopper
Indoor ozone stopper








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™