Fast-flying fungal spores
Microbes at the Gas Pump
Vitamin D-licious Mushrooms
Fishy Cleaners
Insect Stowaways
A Sense of Danger
Girls are cool for school
Honeybees do the wave
A Global Warming Flap
Chemistry and Materials
Getting the dirt on carbon
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
Sticking Around with Gecko Tape
A New Look at Saturn's rings
Music of the Future
Galaxies far, far, far away
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Teeny Skull Reveals Ancient Ancestor
Fingerprinting Fossils
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E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Ice Age Melting and Rising Seas
Hot Summers, Wild Fires
Rodent Rubbish as an Ice-Age Thermometer
Hazy with a Chance of Sunshine
Giant snakes invading North America
Bald Eagles Forever
Finding the Past
If Only Bones Could Speak
Stone Age Sole Survivors
Salt and Early Civilization
Electric Ray
Food and Nutrition
How Super Are Superfruits?
Yummy bugs
Making good, brown fat
GSAT English Rules
Subject and Verb Agreement
Who vs. That vs. Which
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
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GSAT Mathematics
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Setting a Prime Number Record
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Human Body
Taste Messenger
Spit Power
Smiles Turn Away Colds
Hermit Crabs
Giant Clam
Giant Panda
Children and Media
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Project Music
The Particle Zoo
Gaining a Swift Lift
A Giant Flower's New Family
Farms sprout in cities
Tracking the Sun Improves Plant Pollen
Space and Astronomy
Slip-sliding away
Killers from Outer Space
A Planet's Slim-Fast Plan
Technology and Engineering
Beyond Bar Codes
Dancing with Robots
Searching for Alien Life
The Parts of Speech
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
What is a Preposition?
What is a Noun
Are Propellers Fin-ished?
How to Fly Like a Bat
Robots on the Road, Again
Polar Ice Feels the Heat
Where rivers run uphill
Arctic Melt
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Hunting by Sucking, Long Ago

Being eaten alive would be awful, especially if you were gulped down by a weird beast with an extremely long neck. Recently discovered fossils suggest that a prehistoric sea creature with such a snakelike neck could have sucked in prey. It's the first example of this kind of feeding strategy ever discovered in an ancient water-dwelling animal. The creature, called Dinocephalosaurus orientalis, lived in southern China 230 million years ago. It belonged to a group of prehistoric animals known as protorosaurs, and it probably spent most of its time in shallow water near coastlines. Dinocephalosaurus orientalis means "terrible-headed lizard from the Orient." Fossils show that its shape was as intimidating as its name. Although the beast's body was less than 1 meter (3.3 feet) long, its neck stretched a full 1.7 meters (5.6 feet). The neck had 25 long vertebrae and additional bones, which look like ribs, that were attached to the vertebrae. To explain the weird neck structure, researchers from the University of Chicago and Beijing propose that the lizard's neck ribs helped it hunt. When the animal thrust its head forward to snap up prey, muscles in its neck contracted. That would make the neck bones spread out and the throat get bigger. This action would create suction that would slurp up water and prey into the creature's mouth. Some modern water animals, such as snapping turtles and other reptiles, use suction in their mouths to catch prey. The terrible-headed lizard's suction would have been much more powerful. And much more terrible, too.E. Sohn

Hunting by Sucking, Long Ago
Hunting by Sucking, Long Ago

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