Agriculture
Keeping Bugs Away from Food
Silk’s superpowers
Earth-Friendly Fabrics
Amphibians
Salamanders and Newts
Poison Dart Frogs
Frogs and Toads
Animals
Vent Worms Like It Hot
Koalas, Up Close and Personal
Clone Wars
Behavior
Chimpanzee Hunting Tools
Hitting the redo button on evolution
Face values
Birds
Ducks
Storks
Quails
Chemistry and Materials
Atomic Drive
The Incredible Shrunken Kids
Sticking Around with Gecko Tape
Computers
The Earth-bound asteroid scientists saw coming
Middle school science adventures
Supersonic Splash
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Teeny Skull Reveals Ancient Ancestor
Fossil Fly from Antarctica
Meet your mysterious relative
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Earth Rocks On
Life trapped under a glacier
Life under Ice
Environment
A 'Book' on Every Living Thing
Sounds and Silence
Alien Invasions
Finding the Past
Preserving Ancient Warrior Paint
Writing on eggshells
Sahara Cemetery
Fish
Carp
Electric Ray
Parrotfish
Food and Nutrition
The Color of Health
How Super Are Superfruits?
Eat Out, Eat Smart
GSAT English Rules
Who vs. Whom
Subject and Verb Agreement
Pronouns
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
The Annual GSAT Scholarships
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Mathematics
Deep-space dancers
GSAT Mathematics Quiz, Teaching Math, teaching anxiety
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
Human Body
A Better Flu Shot
What the appendix is good for
Music in the Brain
Invertebrates
Earthworms
Millipedes
Giant Squid
Mammals
Rodents
Primates
Sphinxes
Parents
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
How children learn
Physics
Speedy stars
Strange Universe: The Stuff of Darkness
Road Bumps
Plants
Assembling the Tree of Life
The algae invasion
Making the most of a meal
Reptiles
Crocodilians
Box Turtles
Alligators
Space and Astronomy
A Smashing Display
The two faces of Mars
A Darker, Warmer Red Planet
Technology and Engineering
Musclebots Take Some Steps
Model Plane Flies the Atlantic
Slip Sliming Away
The Parts of Speech
Problems with Prepositions
What is a Verb?
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transportation
Revving Up Green Machines
Robots on a Rocky Road
Robots on the Road, Again
Weather
Catching Some Rays
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
Weekend Weather Really Is Different
Add your Article

Healing Honey

Coughs, sniffles, sneezes, runny noses: Colds and other nasty lung infections are especially common in winter. To fight the misery, many people swallow syrups and pills that claim to clear stuffy noses, soothe sore throats, stifle coughs, and improve sleep. Growing evidence, however, suggests that these medicines don't really work. What's worse, they can have unpleasant—even dangerous—side effects, especially for young children. That's why some doctors are now recommending an ancient remedy for their coughing patients: honey. It's the kind of advice you might expect from your grandmother. But a new study suggests that the sticky sweet stuff might have real healing power. "Honey has been used for centuries in folk remedies by cultures all over the world," says Ian Paul, a pediatrician at Pennsylvania State University Children's Hospital in Hershey, Pa. "We thought it would be reasonable to test it." Stubborn coughs Paul was motivated to test honey because treating coughs in children has recently become a sticky subject. Coughing is the body's way of clearing irritated airways to help you breathe. But too much coughing can irritate your lungs and throat even more. Hacking away can also make it tough to get the sleep your body needs to heal. Hoping to ease the suffering of their children, parents often give them cough medicine. These drugs have been around for decades, and their manufacturers claim they help kids feel better. But there have never been any good studies showing that they work, Paul says. In 1997, the American Academy of Pediatrics even warned that codeine and dextromethorphan (DM)—two of the four most common ingredients in cough medicines—did nothing for young children. Codeine and DM are supposed to work by blocking messages from the brain that tell the body to cough. A drug that doesn't work is bad enough. But cough and cold medicines can also cause severe side effects, including drowsiness or hyperactivity, hallucinations, headaches, vomiting, rapid heart rate, and worse. Hundreds of kids end up in the hospital each year—and some even die—after receiving too much cough medicine by mistake. Drug test Frustrated by the lack of good studies, Paul decided to do one himself. A few years ago, he and colleagues designed a study that involved 100 kids who were sick with coughs and other cold symptoms. All were between the ages of 2 and 18. The researchers divided the kids into three groups. Before bed, one group of kids took syrup that contained DM. A second group received syrup containing another common cough medicine called diphenhydramine (DPH). A third group took nonmedicated syrup. In medical experiments, these fake medicines are called placebos. By comparing patients who have taken a real drug with those who've taken a placebo, doctors can understand the drug's effectiveness. Neither the researchers nor the kids and their parents knew which group was getting which syrup. Parents answered five questions about their children's symptoms, both the night before the kids took the syrup and the night after. Results showed that kids who swallowed nonmedicated syrup improved just as much as did kids who got the drugs. Paul and colleagues published those results in 2004. Last October, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration reviewed all the data, including Paul's, and concluded that parents should not give cough medicines to children under 6. Around the same time, drug companies stopped selling these medicines for use in young children. Sweet solution Paul knew that parents would be dismayed by the news. He felt the same way. "It's hard as a doctor to tell people that medicine is no better than placebo when I don't have an alternative to give them," he says. In his search for a different solution, Paul came across ancient anecdotes about honey's healing powers. Doctors in ancient Egypt, for example, used it to treat wounds, coughs, and joint pain thousands of years ago. Paul also discovered that the World Health Organization recommended honey as a throat soother, even though there was no scientific evidence of its effectiveness. Honey couldn't hurt, Paul figured. Why not find out if it could help? He designed his next study much like the first one. At bedtime, 105 sick kids took honey-flavored DM syrup, buckwheat honey syrup, or no treatment. Parents and kids in the no-treatment group knew they weren't getting anything, but the other two groups weren't told which treatment they were getting. This time, surveys showed that kids who swallowed about 2 teaspoons of buckwheat honey before bedtime coughed less and slept better than did youngsters in the other groups. Their parents slept better too. Honey isn't safe for children younger than 1 year old, Paul says, but his results have convinced him to recommend it as a cough suppressant for older children. "When parents want something for their kids to take," Paul says, honey "seems like the best option." Why honey? Most people think of honey as a tasty substitute for sugar in their tea, or as a topping on a peanut butter-and-banana sandwich. So what gives the sweet stuff its healing powers? For one thing, its thick, sticky consistency probably helps coat and soothe the throat, says Katherine Beals, a registered dietician at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. She's also a nutrition consultant for the National Honey Board, a honey-promoting group that funded Paul's recent study. Substances called antioxidants may also be part of the answer, Beals says. Antioxidants—which are also found in foods such as blueberries, spinach, and dark chocolate—protect our cells from damage. Studies show that antioxidant levels in the body rise after someone swallows honey. All honey contains antioxidants, but certain types contain more than others. There are more than 300 types of honey, Beals says. Color, flavor, and health benefits depend on which types of flowers honey-producing bees visit. Most of the honey we buy in U.S. grocery stores is made by bees that visit clover plants. Darker honeys, such as the buckwheat type that Paul used in his experiment, are generally higher in antioxidants than lighter ones, including clover, Beals says. Honey has another health advantage. At least some types seem to kill infectious microbes. One honey from New Zealand has proved especially good at healing wounds when slathered on the skin. There is no evidence that eating honey will help prevent colds, Beals says. But if your throat is sore and you can't stop coughing, it might make you feel better. And a little dose of sweetness might just cheer you up!

Healing Honey
Healing Honey








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™