Agriculture
Getting the dirt on carbon
Where Have All the Bees Gone?
Silk’s superpowers
Amphibians
Salamanders and Newts
Frogs and Toads
Newts
Animals
Life on the Down Low
Mouse Songs
A Whale's Amazing Tooth
Behavior
Newly named fish crawls and hops
Longer lives for wild elephants
A brain-boosting video game
Birds
Blue Jays
Dodos
Albatrosses
Chemistry and Materials
These gems make their own way
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
A New Basketball Gets Slick
Computers
The Shape of the Internet
The Book of Life
Lighting goes digital
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Hunting by Sucking, Long Ago
Early Birds Ready to Rumble
Ferocious Growth Spurts
E Learning Jamaica
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Plastic-munching microbes
Meteorites may have sparked life on Earth
A Volcano Wakes Up
Environment
Eating Up Foul Sewage Smells
The Birds are Falling
An Ocean View's Downside
Finding the Past
Fakes in the museum
Decoding a Beverage Jar
Digging Up Stone Age Art
Fish
Skates and Rays
Bull Sharks
Goldfish
Food and Nutrition
Symbols from the Stone Age
The mercury in that tuna
In Search of the Perfect French Fry
GSAT English Rules
Order of Adjectives
Whoever vs. Whomever
Capitalization Rules
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
GSAT Exam Preparation
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT Mathematics
Math and our number sense: PassGSAT.com
Math Naturals
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
Human Body
Prime Time for Broken Bones
Cell Phones and Possible Health Hazards
Smiles Turn Away Colds
Invertebrates
Shrimps
Hermit Crabs
Insects
Mammals
Giraffes
Llamas
Mouse
Parents
Children and Media
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Physics
Thinner Air, Less Splatter
Hold on to your stars, ladies and gentlemen
Gaining a Swift Lift
Plants
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Surprise Visitor
Seeds of the Future
Reptiles
Box Turtles
Gila Monsters
Crocodiles
Space and Astronomy
Baby Star
A Planet from the Early Universe
Ringing Saturn
Technology and Engineering
Spinach Power for Solar Cells
Space Umbrellas to Shield Earth
A Micro-Dose of Your Own Medicine
The Parts of Speech
Problems with Prepositions
What is a Noun
Pronouns
Transportation
Reach for the Sky
Robots on the Road, Again
Troubles with Hubble
Weather
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
A Dire Shortage of Water
Either Martians or Mars has gas
Add your Article

Frogs and Toads

Frogs and toads are species of tailless amphibians, with short, squad front legs and muscular hind legs adapted for hopping or leaping. Their life cycle includes a "tadpole" phase, in which they appear almost fish-like right out of the egg, but gradually grow legs and absorb their tail. Adults may stay close to water their entire lives, or go on to live entirely on land, depending upon the species. Frogs and toads comprise the order Anura, or Salientia, one of the three main groups of amphibians. There are about 3,500 known species of frogs and 300 kinds of toads. They are found on every continent except Antarctica. Some types spend their entire life in or near water, but others live mainly on land and come to the water only to mate. A few other species never enter the water. Some frogs and toads are climbers that dwell in trees or burrowers that live underground. Generally, toads have a broader, flatter body and darker, drier, bumpy skin than most frogs. Toads also have shorter, less powerful back legs. Toads have a pair of parotoid glands located on the top of their heads. These glands produce a poison that can make people ill or cause eye irritation. Some frogs have poison glands that oozes onto their skin. If an enemy grabs the frog, the poison repels the predator. Frogs and toads are cold-blooded animals; their bodies are the same temperature as their surroundings. They avoid direct sunlight and heat and are more active at night or on rainy days. Bulging eyes give them fairly good eyesight with the ability to see in almost any direction. Most frogs also have a thin, partly clear inner eyelid called the nictitating membrane. This membrane can move upward, covering and protecting their eyes without completely blocking their vision. Most frogs hear sounds via the tympanum or eardrum disk, that is located behind each eye. Their sense of touch is also well developed, especially in those species living in water. Frogs call out to each other, mainly during the mating season. Toads and frogs have a long, sticky tongue that is hinged at the front of the mouth, allowing it to rapidly flip out and capture insect prey.

Frogs and Toads
Frogs and Toads








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™