Microbes at the Gas Pump
Watching out for vultures
Making the most of a meal
Frogs and Toads
The History of Meow
Bee Heat Cooks Invaders
A Seabird's Endless Summer
Seeing red means danger ahead
Chimpanzee Hunting Tools
A Global Warming Flap
Chemistry and Materials
Bandages that could bite back
Fog Buster
Atomic Drive
The Book of Life
Games with a Purpose
Computers with Attitude
Dinosaurs and Fossils
South America's sticky tar pits
Message in a dinosaur's teeth
Have shell, will travel
E Learning Jamaica
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Riding to Earth's Core
Vitamin D-licious Mushrooms
Easy Ways to Conserve Water
Shrinking Fish
A 'Book' on Every Living Thing
Saving Wetlands
Finding the Past
Oldest Writing in the New World
Your inner Neandertal
Chicken of the Sea
Mako Sharks
Skates and Rays
Food and Nutrition
Food for Life
Symbols from the Stone Age
Chocolate Rules
GSAT English Rules
Problems with Prepositions
Finding Subjects and Verbs
Adjectives and Adverbs
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Mastering The GSAT Exam
GSAT Scholarship
The Annual GSAT Scholarships
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Mathematics
Play for Science
It's a Math World for Animals
Prime Time for Cicadas
Human Body
Electricity's Spark of Life
Remembering Facts and Feelings
Spitting Up Blobs to Get Around
African Elephants
Sun Bear
Miscellaneous Mammals
Children and Media
How children learn
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Echoes of a Stretched Egg
The Particle Zoo
Project Music
Bright Blooms That Glow
Making the most of a meal
Surprise Visitor
Space and Astronomy
Super Star Cluster in the Neighborhood
Intruder Alert: Sweeping Space for Dust
Planets on the Edge
Technology and Engineering
Toy Challenge
Drawing Energy out of Wastewater
Beyond Bar Codes
The Parts of Speech
What is a Noun
Problems with Prepositions
What is a Preposition?
Middle school science adventures
Robots on the Road, Again
How to Fly Like a Bat
Where rivers run uphill
Watering the Air
Weekend Weather Really Is Different
Add your Article

Forests as a Tsunami Shield

It's been a banner year for natural disasters. Tsunamis and hurricanes, in particular, have battered homes, destroyed cities, and taken thousands of lives. Areas along the oceans have been slammed especially hard. The news isn't all gloom and doom, however. Scientists working along the southeastern coast of India have found that trees appear to protect seaside settlements from the worst effects of a tsunami. When a massive tsunami swept through Asia last winter, it caused massive destruction. Villages surrounded by trees, however, suffered far less damage than did villages without protective forests. Scientists have long suspected that mangroves (trees that grow in the water along the coast) protect the land nearby. To test this idea, ecologists started collecting data last Dec. 27, the day after the big tsunami struck. They chose to focus on a 21-kilometer (13-mile) stretch of coast in Cuddalore, India. This stretch was perfect for the study because it was straight and uniform, so waves hit every part of it with about the same amount of force. Other places were hit harder than Cuddalore, but the 4- to 5-meter (13- to 16-foot) waves that swept into Cuddalore were big enough to destroy two villages. Three other villages survived. The only difference was that the first two had no protective mangroves nearby, while the other three had hundreds of meters of mangroves between them and the ocean. A few kilometers away, some other villages were surrounded by land-dwelling trees called casuarinas. The trees had been planted after a cyclone 20 years ago. These settlements survived, too, with little damage. Healthy mangroves also emerged from the tsunami in much better shape than mangroves that had been harmed by people. The research is important because mangrove forests have been disappearing. People use the wood and destroy the trees to make room for crops and create shrimp farms and fishponds. Protecting and restoring the world's coastal forests could be the secret to survival when future tsunamis strike.E. Sohn

Forests as a Tsunami Shield
Forests as a Tsunami Shield

Designed and Powered by™