Agriculture
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Got Milk? How?
Seeds of the Future
Amphibians
Salamanders
Newts
Poison Dart Frogs
Animals
Sleep Affects a Bird's Singing
Ants on Stilts
Odor-Chasing Penguins
Behavior
Pondering the puzzling platypus
Hitting the redo button on evolution
Calculating crime
Birds
Emus
Ducks
Hawks
Chemistry and Materials
Pencil Thin
Small but WISE
Watching out for vultures
Computers
Toxic Dirt + Avian Flu = Science Fair Success
Nonstop Robot
Small but WISE
Dinosaurs and Fossils
A Really Big (but Extinct) Rodent
Hunting by Sucking, Long Ago
Meet your mysterious relative
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Killer Space Rock Snuffed Out Ancient Life
Rodent Rubbish as an Ice-Age Thermometer
Slower Growth, Greater Warmth
Environment
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
Groundwater and the Water Cycle
Finding the Past
Writing on eggshells
The Puzzle of Ancient Mariners
Oldest Writing in the New World
Fish
Goldfish
Carp
Tuna
Food and Nutrition
The mercury in that tuna
Building a Food Pyramid
Eat Out, Eat Smart
GSAT English Rules
Pronouns
Who vs. Whom
Capitalization Rules
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
The Annual GSAT Scholarships
Preparing for the GSAT Exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
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GSAT Mathematics
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GSAT Mathematics Quiz, Teaching Math, teaching anxiety
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Human Body
Surviving Olympic Heat
Hear, Hear
Opening a Channel for Tasting Salt
Invertebrates
Walking Sticks
Grasshoppers
Black Widow spiders
Mammals
Cheetah
Cows
African Warthogs
Parents
Children and Media
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
Physics
The Particle Zoo
The Pressure of Scuba Diving
Black Hole Journey
Plants
Fastest Plant on Earth
Plants Travel Wind Highways
Underwater Jungles
Reptiles
Anacondas
Crocodilians
Turtles
Space and Astronomy
Asteroid Moons
No Fat Stars
A Very Distant Planet Says "Cheese"
Technology and Engineering
Drawing Energy out of Wastewater
Weaving with Light
Switchable Lenses Improve Vision
The Parts of Speech
Problems with Prepositions
Adjectives and Adverbs
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transportation
Troubles with Hubble
Tinkering With the Basic Bike
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
Weather
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
A Dire Shortage of Water
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Finding Subjects and Verbs

NOTE: We will use the convention of a thin underline for subjects and a thick underline for verbs.

Being able to find the right subject and verb will help you correct errors of agreement.

Example:
The list of items is/are on the desk.

Being able to identify the subject and verb correctly will also help you with commas and semicolons as you will see later.

Definition:

A verb is a word that shows action (runs, hits, slides) or state of being (is, are, was, were, am,and so on).

Examples:
He ran around the block. 
You are my friend.

Rule 1

If a verb follows to, it is called an infinitive phrase and is not the main verb. You will find the main verb either before or after the infinitive phrase.

Examples:
I like to walk.
The efforts to get her elected succeeded.

Definition:

A subject is the noun or pronoun that performs the verb.

Example:
The woman hurried.
Woman is the subject.

Rule 2

A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of.

Example:
A bouquet of yellow roses will lend color and fragrance to the room.

Rule 3

To find the subject and verb, always find the verb first. Then ask who or what performed the verb.

Examples:
The jet engine passed inspection. 
Passed is the verb. Who or what passed? The engine, so engine is the subject. If you included the word jet as the subject, lightning will not strike you. Technically, jet is an adjective here and is part of what is known as the complete subject.

From the ceiling hung the chandelier. 
The verb is hung. Now, if you think ceiling is the subject, slow down. Ask who or what hung. The answer is chandelier, not ceiling. Therefore, chandelier is the subject.

Rule 4

Any request or command such as "Stop!" or "Walk quickly." has the understood subject youbecause if we ask who is to stop or walk quickly, the answer must be you.

Example:
(You) Please bring me some coffee.
Bring is the verb. Who is to do the bringing? You understood.

Rule 5

Sentences often have more than one subject, more than one verb, or pairs of subjects and verbs.

Examples:
I like cake and he likes ice cream.
Two pairs of subjects and verbs
He and I like cake.
Two subjects and one verb
She lifts weights and jogs daily.
One subject and two verbs

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Finding Subjects and Verbs









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