Agriculture
Middle school science adventures
Watering the Air
Watching out for vultures
Amphibians
Newts
Salamanders and Newts
Salamanders
Animals
G-Tunes with a Message
No Fair: Monkey Sees, Doesn't
A Microbe Nanny for Young Wasps
Behavior
The Electric Brain
Chimpanzee Hunting Tools
Meet your mysterious relative
Birds
Cassowaries
Woodpecker
Parakeets
Chemistry and Materials
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
Fog Buster
The memory of a material
Computers
Earth from the inside out
Programming with Alice
New eyes to scan the skies
Dinosaurs and Fossils
From Mammoth to Modern Elephant
Dino Takeout for Mammals
A Big, Weird Dino
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Earth
Hints of Life in Ancient Lava
Life trapped under a glacier
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
Environment
Seabirds Deliver Arctic Pollutants
Swimming with Sharks and Stingrays
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Finding the Past
Early Maya Writing
Oldest Writing in the New World
Ancient Art on the Rocks
Fish
Seahorses
Tuna
A Jellyfish's Blurry View
Food and Nutrition
Healing Honey
Eat Out, Eat Smart
Sponges' secret weapon
GSAT English Rules
Subject and Verb Agreement
Pronouns
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Human Body
Heavy Sleep
Workouts: Does Stretching Help?
A Fix for Injured Knees
Invertebrates
Scallops
Spiders
Camel Spiders
Mammals
Chinchillas
Dogs
Felines
Parents
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Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
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Physics
Dreams of Floating in Space
Gaining a Swift Lift
Thinner Air, Less Splatter
Plants
Plants Travel Wind Highways
When Fungi and Algae Marry
A Giant Flower's New Family
Reptiles
Turtles
Box Turtles
Copperhead Snakes
Space and Astronomy
An Icy Blob of Fluff
Melting Snow on Mars
Unveiling Titan
Technology and Engineering
Squeezing Oil from Old Wells
Dancing with Robots
Young Scientists Take Flight
The Parts of Speech
Problems with Prepositions
What is a Verb?
What is a Preposition?
Transportation
Where rivers run uphill
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
Robots on a Rocky Road
Weather
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
Warmest Year on Record
Catching Some Rays
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Finding Subjects and Verbs

NOTE: We will use the convention of a thin underline for subjects and a thick underline for verbs.

Being able to find the right subject and verb will help you correct errors of agreement.

Example:
The list of items is/are on the desk.

Being able to identify the subject and verb correctly will also help you with commas and semicolons as you will see later.

Definition:

A verb is a word that shows action (runs, hits, slides) or state of being (is, are, was, were, am,and so on).

Examples:
He ran around the block. 
You are my friend.

Rule 1

If a verb follows to, it is called an infinitive phrase and is not the main verb. You will find the main verb either before or after the infinitive phrase.

Examples:
I like to walk.
The efforts to get her elected succeeded.

Definition:

A subject is the noun or pronoun that performs the verb.

Example:
The woman hurried.
Woman is the subject.

Rule 2

A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of.

Example:
A bouquet of yellow roses will lend color and fragrance to the room.

Rule 3

To find the subject and verb, always find the verb first. Then ask who or what performed the verb.

Examples:
The jet engine passed inspection. 
Passed is the verb. Who or what passed? The engine, so engine is the subject. If you included the word jet as the subject, lightning will not strike you. Technically, jet is an adjective here and is part of what is known as the complete subject.

From the ceiling hung the chandelier. 
The verb is hung. Now, if you think ceiling is the subject, slow down. Ask who or what hung. The answer is chandelier, not ceiling. Therefore, chandelier is the subject.

Rule 4

Any request or command such as "Stop!" or "Walk quickly." has the understood subject youbecause if we ask who is to stop or walk quickly, the answer must be you.

Example:
(You) Please bring me some coffee.
Bring is the verb. Who is to do the bringing? You understood.

Rule 5

Sentences often have more than one subject, more than one verb, or pairs of subjects and verbs.

Examples:
I like cake and he likes ice cream.
Two pairs of subjects and verbs
He and I like cake.
Two subjects and one verb
She lifts weights and jogs daily.
One subject and two verbs

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Finding Subjects and Verbs









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