Agriculture
New Gene Fights Potato Blight
Chicken Eggs as Drug Factories
Microbes at the Gas Pump
Amphibians
Newts
Toads
Tree Frogs
Animals
Cacophony Acoustics
Ultrasonic Frogs Raise the Pitch
Sleepless at Sea
Behavior
The Other Side of the Zoo Fence
Eating Troubles
Contemplating thought
Birds
Cassowaries
Dodos
Owls
Chemistry and Materials
Hitting the redo button on evolution
Cold, colder and coldest ice
Batteries built by Viruses
Computers
Programming with Alice
It's a Small E-mail World After All
New eyes to scan the skies
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Hunting by Sucking, Long Ago
From Mammoth to Modern Elephant
Feathered Fossils
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Recipe for a Hurricane
Killer Space Rock Snuffed Out Ancient Life
Farms sprout in cities
Environment
Eating Up Foul Sewage Smells
The Birds are Falling
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Finding the Past
Ancient Art on the Rocks
Salt and Early Civilization
Big Woman of the Distant Past
Fish
Barracudas
Skates and Rays
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Food and Nutrition
The Color of Health
Chocolate Rules
A Taste for Cheese
GSAT English Rules
Capitalization Rules
Adjectives and Adverbs
Who vs. Whom
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Ministry of Education Announces 82 GSAT Scholarships for 2010
Mastering The GSAT Exam
March 21-22, 2013: Over 43,000 students will take the GSAT Exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT Mathematics
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
How to Slice a Cake Fairly
How a Venus Flytrap Snaps Shut
Human Body
Sleeping Soundly for a Longer Life
Gut Microbes and Weight
A Long Haul
Invertebrates
Arachnids
Tarantula
Sponges
Mammals
Gerbils
Cheetah
Rabbits
Parents
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Children and Media
Physics
Thinner Air, Less Splatter
Echoes of a Stretched Egg
One ring around them all
Plants
The algae invasion
Springing forward
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Reptiles
Garter Snakes
Chameleons
Crocodilians
Space and Astronomy
Roving the Red Planet
A Whole Lot of Nothing
A Dusty Birthplace
Technology and Engineering
Drawing Energy out of Wastewater
Space Umbrellas to Shield Earth
Riding Sunlight
The Parts of Speech
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Problems with Prepositions
What is a Noun
Transportation
Are Propellers Fin-ished?
Charged cars that would charge
Robots on the Road, Again
Weather
Where rivers run uphill
A Change in Climate
A Dire Shortage of Water
Add your Article

Dodos

The Mauritius Dodo (Raphus cucullatus, called Didus ineptus by Linnaeus), more commonly just Dodo, was a metre-high flightless bird of the island of Mauritius. The Dodo, which is currently extinct, lived on fruit and nested on the ground. Weights and Measures: The decaying remnants of the last complete stuffed Dodo, in Oxford's Ashmolean Museum, was ordered burned by the museum's director in 1755; the foot and head were salvaged from this specimen, and are currently on display. Nevertheless, from artists' renditions we know that the Dodo had blue-grey plumage, a 23-centimetre (9-inch) blackish hooked bill with a reddish point, very small useless wings, stout yellow legs, and a tuft of curly feathers high on its rear end. Dodos were very large birds, weighing about 23 kg (50 pounds). New, Sleek Dodo: The traditional image of the Dodo is of a fat, clumsy bird, but this view has been challenged by Andrew Kitchener, a biologist at the Royal Museum of Scotland (reported in National Geographic News, February 2002), who believes that the old drawings showed overfed captive specimens. As Mauritius has marked dry and wet seasons, the Dodo probably fattened itself on ripe fruits at the end of the wet season to live through the dry season where food was scarce; contemporary reports speak of the birds' "greedy" appetite. Thus, in captivity with food readily available, the birds would become overfed very easily. Long Gone: The source of the dodo's extinction is not certain, but recent evidence suggests that it was nearly wiped out by some natural disaster before humans even arrived on the island, its population reduced so severely that it fell below sustainable levels. Feathered and Fearless: As with many animals evolving in isolation from significant predators, the Dodo was entirely fearless of people, and this, in combination with its flightlessness, made it easy prey. (The island was first visited by the Portuguese in 1505, but the Dutch were the first permanent settlers on the island.) Alien Invaders: However, when humans first arrived on Mauritius, they also brought with them other animals that had not existed on the island before, including sheep, dogs, pigs, rats and monkeys, which plundered the Dodo nests, while humans destroyed the forests where they made their homes. Extinction Date Debate: There is some controversy surrounding the extinction date of the Dodo. David Roberts states that "the extinction of the Dodo is commonly dated to the last confirmed sighting in 1662, reported by shipwrecked mariner Volkert Evertsz", but other sources suggest 1681. Roberts points out that because the sighting prior to 1662 was in 1638 (i.e. 24 years earlier), the Dodo was likely already very rare by the 1660s. However, statistical analysis of the hunting records of Isaac Joan Lamotius, carried out by Julian Hume and coworkers, gives a new estimated extinction date of 1693, with a 95% confidence interval of 1688 to 1715. Alice in Wonderland: No one took particular notice of the extinct bird until it was featured in the Caucus race in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865). With the popularity of the book, the Dodo became a household word: "as dead as a Dodo". The character was named Dodo. Pigeon Cousins: The last known Dodo was killed less than 100 years after the species' discovery, and no complete specimens are preserved, although a number of museum collections contain Dodo skeletons. A Dodo egg is on display at the East London museum in South Africa. Genetic material has been recovered from these and its analysis has confirmed that the Dodo was a close relative of pigeon species that are to be found in Africa and especially South Asia. The Name Game: The origin of the word 'Dodo' is not clear. It may be related to the Dutch word "dodaars" the name of the little Grebe or Dabchick in the Dutch language. The connection may have been made because of similar feathers on the hind end, or because both animals were clumsy walkers. However, the Dutch are known to have called the bird the "walgvogel" ("terrible bird") in reference to its taste. Against this thesis plays also the fact that "dodo" is attested in English since 1628, when the Dutch did not arrive to Mauritius before 1638. According to Encarta Dictionary and Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, "dodo" comes from Portuguese doudo (currently, more often, doido) meaning "fool" or "crazy". The present Portuguese word dodô ("dodo") is of English origin. The Portuguese word doudo or doido may itself be a loanword from Old English (cp. English "dolt"). Yet another possibility, as author David Quammen has noted in his book "Song of the Dodo", "that 'dodo' was an onomatopoeic approximation of the bird's own call, a two-note pigeony sound like 'doo-doo'." Dodo Discovery: In October, 2005, an important site of Dodo remains was found by Dutch researchers in Mauritius, including birds of various stages of maturity. These findings were made public in December 2005 in the Naturalis in Leiden. Before this find, few Dodo specimens were known. Dublin's Natural History Museum had an assembled specimen, while the most intact remains from a single bird are a skeletal foot and a head, which contains the only known soft tissue remains of the species.

Dodos
Dodos








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™