Agriculture
Microbes at the Gas Pump
Vitamin D-licious Mushrooms
Fast-flying fungal spores
Amphibians
Tree Frogs
Frogs and Toads
Salamanders
Animals
A Whale's Amazing Tooth
New Monkey Business
Gliders in the Family
Behavior
Island of Hope
Wake Up, Sleepy Gene
Pipefish power from mom
Birds
Ospreys
Mockingbirds
Parrots
Chemistry and Materials
Heaviest named element is official
Smelly Traps for Lampreys
Small but WISE
Computers
Toxic Dirt + Avian Flu = Science Fair Success
Galaxies on the go
A Classroom of the Mind
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Watery Fate for Nature's Gliders
A Big, Weird Dino
Fossil Forests
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Pollution at the ends of the Earth
Salty, Old and, Perhaps, a Sign of Early Life
Ancient Heights
Environment
Ready, unplug, drive
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Finding the Past
A Long Haul
Ancient Cave Behavior
Watching deep-space fireworks
Fish
Sharks
Electric Eel
Catfish
Food and Nutrition
Moving Good Fats from Fish to Mice
Chew for Health
Turning to Sweets, Fats to Calm the Brain
GSAT English Rules
Finding Subjects and Verbs
Whoever vs. Whomever
Capitalization Rules
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Preparing for the GSAT Exam
The Annual GSAT Scholarships
How are students placed after passing the GSAT exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
Access denied - Disabled boy aces GSAT
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT Mathematics
Losing with Heads or Tails
Detecting True Art
How a Venus Flytrap Snaps Shut
Human Body
Gut Microbes and Weight
Flu Patrol
Cell Phones and Possible Health Hazards
Invertebrates
Wasps
Fleas
Mussels
Mammals
Tigers
Bonobos
Shih Tzus
Parents
Children and Media
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Physics
Project Music
Extra Strings for New Sounds
Road Bumps
Plants
A Giant Flower's New Family
Tracking the Sun Improves Plant Pollen
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Reptiles
Anacondas
Copperhead Snakes
Iguanas
Space and Astronomy
A Galaxy Far, Far, Far Away
Wrong-way planets do gymnastics
Ringing Saturn
Technology and Engineering
Riding Sunlight
Model Plane Flies the Atlantic
A Micro-Dose of Your Own Medicine
The Parts of Speech
What is a Verb?
Pronouns
What is a Preposition?
Transportation
Ready, unplug, drive
Robots on a Rocky Road
Robots on the Road, Again
Weather
Catching Some Rays
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
Add your Article

Capitalization Rules

Rule 1

Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence.

Examples:
He said, "Treat her as you would your own daughter."
"Look out!" she screamed. "You almost ran into my child."

Rule 2

Capitalize a proper noun.

Example:
Golden Gate Bridge

Rule 3

Capitalize a person's title when it precedes the name. Do not capitalize when the title is acting as a description following the name.

Examples:
Chairperson Anderson
Mr. Anderson, the chairperson of the company, will address us at noon.

Rule 4

Capitalize the person's title when it follows the name on the address or signature line.

Example:
Sincerely,
Mr. Anderson, Chairperson

Rule 5

Capitalize the titles of high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the civil title if it is used instead of the name.

Examples:
The prime minister will address Parlament.
All senators are expected to attend.
The ministers, junior ministers, and attorneys general called for a special task force.
Minister Charles, Governor Poppins, Attorney General Dalloway, and Senators James and Twain will attend.

Rule 6

Capitalize any title when used as a direct address.

Example:
Will you take my temperature, Doctor?

Rule 7

Capitalize points of the compass only when they refer to specific regions.

Examples:
We have had three relatives visit from the South.
Go south three blocks and then turn left.
We live in the southeast section of town.
Southeast is just an adjective here describing section, so it should not be capitalized.

Rule 8

Always capitalize the first and last words of titles of publications regardless of their parts of speech. Capitalize other words within titles, including the short verb forms Is, Are, and Be.

Exception:
Do not capitalize little words within titles such as a, an, the, but, as, if, and, or, nor, or prepositions, regardless of their length.

Examples:
The Day of the Jackal
What Color Is Your Parachute?
A Tale of Two Cities

Rule 9

Capitalize federal or state when used as part of an official agency name or in government documents where these terms represent an official name. If they are being used as general terms, you may use lowercase letters.

Examples:
The state has evidence to the contrary.
That is a federal offense.
The State Board of Equalization collects sales taxes.
We will visit three states during our summer vacation.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has been subject to much scrutiny and criticism lately.
Her business must comply with all county, state, and federal laws.

Rule 10

You may capitalize words such as department, bureau, and office if you have prepared your text in the following way:

Example:
The Bureau of Land Management (Bureau) has some jurisdiction over Indian lands. The Bureau is finding its administrative role to be challenging.

Rule 11

Do not capitalize names of seasons.

Example:
I love autumn colors and spring flowers.

Rule 12

Capitalize the first word of a salutation and the first word of a complimentary close.

Examples:
Dear Ms. Mohamed: 
My dear Mr. Sanchez: 
Very truly yours,

Rule 13

Capitalize words derived from proper nouns.

Example:
I must take English and math.
English is capitalized because it comes from the proper noun England, but math does not come from Mathland.

Rule 14

Capitalize the names of specific course titles.

Example:
I must take history and Algebra 2.

Rule 15

After a sentence ending with a colon, do not capitalize the first word if it begins a list.

Example:
These are my favorite foods: chocolate cake, spaghetti, and artichokes.

Rule 16

Do not capitalize when only one sentence follows a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful.

Rule 17

Capitalize when two or more sentences follow a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: Her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful. Also, Moo was clever.

 










Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™