Agriculture
Microbes at the Gas Pump
Where Have All the Bees Gone?
Flush-Free Fertilizer
Amphibians
Salamanders and Newts
Newts
Salamanders
Animals
Navigating by the Light of the Moon
Walks on the Wild Side
Cool Penguins
Behavior
Brainy bees know two from three
Lightening Your Mood
Diving, Rolling, and Floating, Alligator Style
Birds
Macaws
Tropical Birds
Songbirds
Chemistry and Materials
Popping to Perfection
The hottest soup in New York
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Computers
New twists for phantom limbs
A New Look at Saturn's rings
Electronic Paper Turns a Page
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Feathered Fossils
A Big, Weird Dino
Digging Dinos
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Earth
Explorer of the Extreme Deep
Deep History
A Grim Future for Some Killer Whales
Environment
What is groundwater
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
Fungus Hunt
Finding the Past
Traces of Ancient Campfires
Early Maya Writing
A Long Haul
Fish
Dogfish
Whale Sharks
Bull Sharks
Food and Nutrition
Making good, brown fat
How Super Are Superfruits?
Moving Good Fats from Fish to Mice
GSAT English Rules
Problems with Prepositions
Who vs. Whom
Finding Subjects and Verbs
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Ministry of Education Announces 82 GSAT Scholarships for 2010
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
Scotiabank Jamaica Foundation Grade Six Achievement Test (GSAT) Scholarships
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Scholarship
GSAT Mathematics
Setting a Prime Number Record
It's a Math World for Animals
GSAT Mathematics Quiz, Teaching Math, teaching anxiety
Human Body
Smiles Turn Away Colds
Nature's Medicines
Tapeworms and Drug Delivery
Invertebrates
Fleas
Black Widow spiders
Dragonflies
Mammals
Pomeranians
Chipmunks
Antelope
Parents
Children and Media
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Physics
Project Music
Speedy stars
The Particle Zoo
Plants
A Change in Leaf Color
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Bright Blooms That Glow
Reptiles
Garter Snakes
Asp
Crocodiles
Space and Astronomy
Sounds of Titan
A Whole Lot of Nothing
Slip-sliding away
Technology and Engineering
Dancing with Robots
Shape Shifting
Squeezing Oil from Old Wells
The Parts of Speech
What is a Preposition?
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Adjectives and Adverbs
Transportation
Flying the Hyper Skies
Where rivers run uphill
Troubles with Hubble
Weather
A Dire Shortage of Water
Catching Some Rays
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Add your Article

Capitalization Rules

Rule 1

Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence.

Examples:
He said, "Treat her as you would your own daughter."
"Look out!" she screamed. "You almost ran into my child."

Rule 2

Capitalize a proper noun.

Example:
Golden Gate Bridge

Rule 3

Capitalize a person's title when it precedes the name. Do not capitalize when the title is acting as a description following the name.

Examples:
Chairperson Anderson
Mr. Anderson, the chairperson of the company, will address us at noon.

Rule 4

Capitalize the person's title when it follows the name on the address or signature line.

Example:
Sincerely,
Mr. Anderson, Chairperson

Rule 5

Capitalize the titles of high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the civil title if it is used instead of the name.

Examples:
The prime minister will address Parlament.
All senators are expected to attend.
The ministers, junior ministers, and attorneys general called for a special task force.
Minister Charles, Governor Poppins, Attorney General Dalloway, and Senators James and Twain will attend.

Rule 6

Capitalize any title when used as a direct address.

Example:
Will you take my temperature, Doctor?

Rule 7

Capitalize points of the compass only when they refer to specific regions.

Examples:
We have had three relatives visit from the South.
Go south three blocks and then turn left.
We live in the southeast section of town.
Southeast is just an adjective here describing section, so it should not be capitalized.

Rule 8

Always capitalize the first and last words of titles of publications regardless of their parts of speech. Capitalize other words within titles, including the short verb forms Is, Are, and Be.

Exception:
Do not capitalize little words within titles such as a, an, the, but, as, if, and, or, nor, or prepositions, regardless of their length.

Examples:
The Day of the Jackal
What Color Is Your Parachute?
A Tale of Two Cities

Rule 9

Capitalize federal or state when used as part of an official agency name or in government documents where these terms represent an official name. If they are being used as general terms, you may use lowercase letters.

Examples:
The state has evidence to the contrary.
That is a federal offense.
The State Board of Equalization collects sales taxes.
We will visit three states during our summer vacation.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has been subject to much scrutiny and criticism lately.
Her business must comply with all county, state, and federal laws.

Rule 10

You may capitalize words such as department, bureau, and office if you have prepared your text in the following way:

Example:
The Bureau of Land Management (Bureau) has some jurisdiction over Indian lands. The Bureau is finding its administrative role to be challenging.

Rule 11

Do not capitalize names of seasons.

Example:
I love autumn colors and spring flowers.

Rule 12

Capitalize the first word of a salutation and the first word of a complimentary close.

Examples:
Dear Ms. Mohamed: 
My dear Mr. Sanchez: 
Very truly yours,

Rule 13

Capitalize words derived from proper nouns.

Example:
I must take English and math.
English is capitalized because it comes from the proper noun England, but math does not come from Mathland.

Rule 14

Capitalize the names of specific course titles.

Example:
I must take history and Algebra 2.

Rule 15

After a sentence ending with a colon, do not capitalize the first word if it begins a list.

Example:
These are my favorite foods: chocolate cake, spaghetti, and artichokes.

Rule 16

Do not capitalize when only one sentence follows a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful.

Rule 17

Capitalize when two or more sentences follow a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: Her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful. Also, Moo was clever.

 










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