Agriculture
Hungry bug seeks hot meal
Earth-Friendly Fabrics
Springing forward
Amphibians
Frogs and Toads
Salamanders
Salamanders and Newts
Animals
Baboons Listen for Who's Tops
Stunts for High-Diving Ants
How to Fly Like a Bat
Behavior
Pondering the puzzling platypus
Nice Chimps
Making light of sleep
Birds
Storks
Songbirds
Carnivorous Birds
Chemistry and Materials
Sugary Survival Skill
Watching out for vultures
Graphene's superstrength
Computers
Lighting goes digital
Nonstop Robot
Middle school science adventures
Dinosaurs and Fossils
The bug that may have killed a dinosaur
A Big, Weird Dino
Dino-bite!
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E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Digging into a Tsunami Disaster
Undersea Vent System Active for Ages
Hot Summers, Wild Fires
Environment
Where rivers run uphill
Forests as a Tsunami Shield
Nanosponges Soak Up Pollutants
Finding the Past
Meet your mysterious relative
Ancient Art on the Rocks
Salt and Early Civilization
Fish
Salmon
Piranha
Megamouth Sharks
Food and Nutrition
Chew for Health
How Super Are Superfruits?
The Essence of Celery
GSAT English Rules
Who vs. That vs. Which
Finding Subjects and Verbs
Who vs. Whom
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
GSAT Exam Preparation
Scotiabank Jamaica Foundation Grade Six Achievement Test (GSAT) Scholarships
Mastering The GSAT Exam
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GSAT Mathematics
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Secrets of an Ancient Computer
Human Body
From Stem Cell to Any Cell
Sea Kids See Clearly Underwater
Cell Phone Tattlers
Invertebrates
Ants
Tapeworms
Cockroaches
Mammals
Mongooses
Gerbils
Boxers
Parents
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
Physics
Thinner Air, Less Splatter
The Mirror Universe of Antimatter
One ring around them all
Plants
Fast-flying fungal spores
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Nature's Alphabet
Reptiles
Asp
Iguanas
Chameleons
Space and Astronomy
A Dead Star's Dusty Ring
Tossing Out a Black Hole Life Preserver
Holes in Martian moon mystery
Technology and Engineering
Roll-Up Computer Monitors to Go
Musclebots Take Some Steps
Riding Sunlight
The Parts of Speech
Adjectives and Adverbs
What is a Verb?
Pronouns
Transportation
Middle school science adventures
Are Propellers Fin-ished?
Reach for the Sky
Weather
Where rivers run uphill
Weekend Weather Really Is Different
Earth's Poles in Peril
Add your Article

Capitalization Rules

Rule 1

Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence.

Examples:
He said, "Treat her as you would your own daughter."
"Look out!" she screamed. "You almost ran into my child."

Rule 2

Capitalize a proper noun.

Example:
Golden Gate Bridge

Rule 3

Capitalize a person's title when it precedes the name. Do not capitalize when the title is acting as a description following the name.

Examples:
Chairperson Anderson
Mr. Anderson, the chairperson of the company, will address us at noon.

Rule 4

Capitalize the person's title when it follows the name on the address or signature line.

Example:
Sincerely,
Mr. Anderson, Chairperson

Rule 5

Capitalize the titles of high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the civil title if it is used instead of the name.

Examples:
The prime minister will address Parlament.
All senators are expected to attend.
The ministers, junior ministers, and attorneys general called for a special task force.
Minister Charles, Governor Poppins, Attorney General Dalloway, and Senators James and Twain will attend.

Rule 6

Capitalize any title when used as a direct address.

Example:
Will you take my temperature, Doctor?

Rule 7

Capitalize points of the compass only when they refer to specific regions.

Examples:
We have had three relatives visit from the South.
Go south three blocks and then turn left.
We live in the southeast section of town.
Southeast is just an adjective here describing section, so it should not be capitalized.

Rule 8

Always capitalize the first and last words of titles of publications regardless of their parts of speech. Capitalize other words within titles, including the short verb forms Is, Are, and Be.

Exception:
Do not capitalize little words within titles such as a, an, the, but, as, if, and, or, nor, or prepositions, regardless of their length.

Examples:
The Day of the Jackal
What Color Is Your Parachute?
A Tale of Two Cities

Rule 9

Capitalize federal or state when used as part of an official agency name or in government documents where these terms represent an official name. If they are being used as general terms, you may use lowercase letters.

Examples:
The state has evidence to the contrary.
That is a federal offense.
The State Board of Equalization collects sales taxes.
We will visit three states during our summer vacation.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has been subject to much scrutiny and criticism lately.
Her business must comply with all county, state, and federal laws.

Rule 10

You may capitalize words such as department, bureau, and office if you have prepared your text in the following way:

Example:
The Bureau of Land Management (Bureau) has some jurisdiction over Indian lands. The Bureau is finding its administrative role to be challenging.

Rule 11

Do not capitalize names of seasons.

Example:
I love autumn colors and spring flowers.

Rule 12

Capitalize the first word of a salutation and the first word of a complimentary close.

Examples:
Dear Ms. Mohamed: 
My dear Mr. Sanchez: 
Very truly yours,

Rule 13

Capitalize words derived from proper nouns.

Example:
I must take English and math.
English is capitalized because it comes from the proper noun England, but math does not come from Mathland.

Rule 14

Capitalize the names of specific course titles.

Example:
I must take history and Algebra 2.

Rule 15

After a sentence ending with a colon, do not capitalize the first word if it begins a list.

Example:
These are my favorite foods: chocolate cake, spaghetti, and artichokes.

Rule 16

Do not capitalize when only one sentence follows a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful.

Rule 17

Capitalize when two or more sentences follow a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: Her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful. Also, Moo was clever.

 










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