Agriculture
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Treating peanut allergy bit by bit
New Gene Fights Potato Blight
Amphibians
Toads
Bullfrogs
Salamanders and Newts
Animals
Hearing Whales
Jay Watch
Professor Ant
Behavior
The chemistry of sleeplessness
The Disappearing Newspaper
The Electric Brain
Birds
Crows
Birds We Eat
Albatrosses
Chemistry and Materials
Butterfly Wings and Waterproof Coats
These gems make their own way
When frog gender flips
Computers
Play for Science
Hubble trouble doubled
The hungry blob at the edge of the universe
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Three strikes wiped out woolly mammoths
Big Fish in Ancient Waters
The bug that may have killed a dinosaur
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
A Great Quake Coming?
Farms sprout in cities
Earth's Poles in Peril
Environment
Indoor ozone stopper
Pollution Detective
The Wolf and the Cow
Finding the Past
Chicken of the Sea
Prehistoric Trips to the Dentist
Oldest Writing in the New World
Fish
Angler Fish
Halibut
Megamouth Sharks
Food and Nutrition
Building a Food Pyramid
In Search of the Perfect French Fry
Turning to Sweets, Fats to Calm the Brain
GSAT English Rules
Order of Adjectives
Subject and Verb Agreement
Finding Subjects and Verbs
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
How are students placed after passing the GSAT exam
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Access denied - Disabled boy aces GSAT
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT Mathematics
10 Common Mistakes When Preparing for the GSAT Math Test
How to Slice a Cake Fairly
Secrets of an Ancient Computer
Human Body
Speedy Gene Gives Runners a Boost
From Stem Cell to Any Cell
Dreaming makes perfect
Invertebrates
Nautiluses
Black Widow spiders
Cockroaches
Mammals
Guinea Pigs
Pomeranians
German Shepherds
Parents
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Physics
Speedy stars
Black Hole Journey
One ring around them all
Plants
Fastest Plant on Earth
When Fungi and Algae Marry
Bright Blooms That Glow
Reptiles
Garter Snakes
Anacondas
Boa Constrictors
Space and Astronomy
A Star's Belt of Dust and Rocks
A Whole Lot of Nothing
A Galaxy Far, Far, Far Away
Technology and Engineering
Drawing Energy out of Wastewater
Spinach Power for Solar Cells
Shape Shifting
The Parts of Speech
Pronouns
What is a Preposition?
What is a Verb?
Transportation
Ready, unplug, drive
Flying the Hyper Skies
Where rivers run uphill
Weather
Science loses out when ice caps melt
A Dire Shortage of Water
The Best Defense Is a Good Snow Fence
Add your Article

Capitalization Rules

Rule 1

Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence.

Examples:
He said, "Treat her as you would your own daughter."
"Look out!" she screamed. "You almost ran into my child."

Rule 2

Capitalize a proper noun.

Example:
Golden Gate Bridge

Rule 3

Capitalize a person's title when it precedes the name. Do not capitalize when the title is acting as a description following the name.

Examples:
Chairperson Anderson
Mr. Anderson, the chairperson of the company, will address us at noon.

Rule 4

Capitalize the person's title when it follows the name on the address or signature line.

Example:
Sincerely,
Mr. Anderson, Chairperson

Rule 5

Capitalize the titles of high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the civil title if it is used instead of the name.

Examples:
The prime minister will address Parlament.
All senators are expected to attend.
The ministers, junior ministers, and attorneys general called for a special task force.
Minister Charles, Governor Poppins, Attorney General Dalloway, and Senators James and Twain will attend.

Rule 6

Capitalize any title when used as a direct address.

Example:
Will you take my temperature, Doctor?

Rule 7

Capitalize points of the compass only when they refer to specific regions.

Examples:
We have had three relatives visit from the South.
Go south three blocks and then turn left.
We live in the southeast section of town.
Southeast is just an adjective here describing section, so it should not be capitalized.

Rule 8

Always capitalize the first and last words of titles of publications regardless of their parts of speech. Capitalize other words within titles, including the short verb forms Is, Are, and Be.

Exception:
Do not capitalize little words within titles such as a, an, the, but, as, if, and, or, nor, or prepositions, regardless of their length.

Examples:
The Day of the Jackal
What Color Is Your Parachute?
A Tale of Two Cities

Rule 9

Capitalize federal or state when used as part of an official agency name or in government documents where these terms represent an official name. If they are being used as general terms, you may use lowercase letters.

Examples:
The state has evidence to the contrary.
That is a federal offense.
The State Board of Equalization collects sales taxes.
We will visit three states during our summer vacation.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has been subject to much scrutiny and criticism lately.
Her business must comply with all county, state, and federal laws.

Rule 10

You may capitalize words such as department, bureau, and office if you have prepared your text in the following way:

Example:
The Bureau of Land Management (Bureau) has some jurisdiction over Indian lands. The Bureau is finding its administrative role to be challenging.

Rule 11

Do not capitalize names of seasons.

Example:
I love autumn colors and spring flowers.

Rule 12

Capitalize the first word of a salutation and the first word of a complimentary close.

Examples:
Dear Ms. Mohamed: 
My dear Mr. Sanchez: 
Very truly yours,

Rule 13

Capitalize words derived from proper nouns.

Example:
I must take English and math.
English is capitalized because it comes from the proper noun England, but math does not come from Mathland.

Rule 14

Capitalize the names of specific course titles.

Example:
I must take history and Algebra 2.

Rule 15

After a sentence ending with a colon, do not capitalize the first word if it begins a list.

Example:
These are my favorite foods: chocolate cake, spaghetti, and artichokes.

Rule 16

Do not capitalize when only one sentence follows a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful.

Rule 17

Capitalize when two or more sentences follow a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: Her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful. Also, Moo was clever.

 










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