Agriculture
Springing forward
Keeping Bugs Away from Food
Where Have All the Bees Gone?
Amphibians
Newts
Salamanders
Toads
Animals
Revenge of the Cowbirds
Eyes on the Depths
A Spider's Taste for Blood
Behavior
Meet your mysterious relative
Calculating crime
Math Naturals
Birds
Songbirds
Backyard Birds
Swans
Chemistry and Materials
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Revving Up Green Machines
Music of the Future
Computers
Galaxies on the go
Computers with Attitude
A Light Delay
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Have shell, will travel
Fingerprinting Fossils
Teeny Skull Reveals Ancient Ancestor
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Earth
Earth's Lowly Rumble
Watering the Air
Greener Diet
Environment
Acid Snails
Blooming Jellies
Fungus Hunt
Finding the Past
The Taming of the Cat
A Human Migration Fueled by Dung?
A Volcano's Deadly Ash
Fish
Salmon
Barracudas
Manta Rays
Food and Nutrition
Allergies: From Bee Stings to Peanuts
Building a Food Pyramid
Symbols from the Stone Age
GSAT English Rules
Whoever vs. Whomever
Who vs. Whom
Pronouns
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
Preparing for the GSAT Exam
March 21-22, 2013: Over 43,000 students will take the GSAT Exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
GSAT Mathematics
How to Slice a Cake Fairly
10 Common Mistakes When Preparing for the GSAT Math Test
Secrets of an Ancient Computer
Human Body
Smiles Turn Away Colds
Attacking Asthma
Fighting Off Micro-Invader Epidemics
Invertebrates
Sponges
Corals
Arachnids
Mammals
Dalmatians
Rats
Shih Tzus
Parents
How children learn
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Physics
Spin, Splat, and Scramble
Strange Universe: The Stuff of Darkness
Speedy stars
Plants
White fuzzy mold not as friendly as it looks
Sweet, Sticky Science
Underwater Jungles
Reptiles
Pythons
Turtles
Black Mamba
Space and Astronomy
World of Three Suns
A Planet's Slim-Fast Plan
A Moon's Icy Spray
Technology and Engineering
Algae Motors
Switchable Lenses Improve Vision
Roll-Up Computer Monitors to Go
The Parts of Speech
What is a Verb?
Pronouns
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transportation
Ready, unplug, drive
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
Middle school science adventures
Weather
Antarctica warms, which threatens penguins
Polar Ice Feels the Heat
Earth's Poles in Peril
Add your Article

African Camels

Both camel species are native to the dry and desert areas of Asia and northern Africa. The term camel is also used more broadly, to describe any of the six camel-like creatures in the family Camelidae: the two true camels, and the four South American camelids: Llama, Alpaca, Guanaco and Vicuña.

One Hump, Please: The Dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) is a large even-toed ungulate native to northern Africa and western Asia, and is the best-known member of the camel family. The Dromedary has one hump on its back, in contrast to the Bactrian camel which has two. The Dromedary is sometimes called an Arabian camel. Some maintain that the name "dromedary" should be used to refer only to racing camels. The average life expectancy of a camel is 30 to 50 years.

Thick Eyelashes and Small Ears: Male Dromedaries camels have a soft palate, which they inflate to produce a deep pink sack that out of the sides of their mouths during the mating season. Dromedaries are also noted for their thick eyelashes and small, hairy ears. Adults grow to a length of 10 feet and height of six to seven feet. Weight is usually in the range of 1000-1500 pounds.

Two Humps, Please: The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the Dromedary which has one. Nearly all of the estimated 1.4 million Bactrian camels alive today are domesticated, but in October 2002 the estimated 950 remaining in the wild in northwest China and Mongolia were placed on the critically endangered species list.

Just the Facts: Bactrian camels are over 2 meters (7 feet) tall at the hump and weigh in excess of 725 kg (1,600 pounds). They are herbivores, eating grass, leaves, and grains, capable of drinking up to 120 liters (32 US gallons) of water at a time. Their mouth is extremely tough, allowing them to eat thorny desert plants. They are supremely adapted to protect themselves against the desert heat and sand; with wide, padded feet and thick leathery pads on the knees and chest, nostrils that can open and close, ears lined with protective hairs, and bushy eyebrows with two rows of long eyelashes. Thick fur and underwool keep the animal warm during cold desert nights and also insulate against daytime heat.

Camel Olympian: Compared to the Dromedary camel, the Bactrian is a stockier, hardier animal being able to survive the scorching desert heat of northern Iran to the frozen winters in Tibet. The Dromedary is taller and faster, and with a rider it can maintain 8-9 mph for hours at a time. By comparison a loaded Bactrian camel moves at about 2.5 mph

Of Camels and Men: Around the second millennium BC, camels became established to the Sahara region but disappeared again from the Sahara beginning around 900 BC. The Persian invasion of Egypt under Cambyses introduced domesticated camels to the area.

Domesticated camels were used through much of North Africa, and the Romans maintained a corps of camel warriors to patrol the edge of the desert. The Persian camels, however, were not particularly suited to trading or travel over the Sahara; rare journeys made across the desert were made on horse-drawn chariots.

The stronger and more durable Bactrian Camels first began to arrive in Africa in the fourth century. It was not until the Islamic conquest of North Africa, however, that these camels became common. While the invasion was accomplished largely on horseback, the new links to the Middle East allowed camels to be imported en masse.

 

Police on Camels? These camels were well-suited to long desert journeys and could carry a great deal of cargo. For the first time this allowed substantial trade over the Sahara. Modern domesticated dromedaries are used for milk and meat and as beasts of burden for cargo and passengers. Unlike horses, they kneel for the loading of passengers and cargo. At many of the desert located tourist sites in Egypt, mounted police on camels can be seen.


Gestation in the dromedary lasts around 12 months. Usually a single calf is born, and nursed for up to 18 months. Females are sexually mature after 3 to 4 years, males after 5 to 6 years. Lifespan in captivity is typically about 25 years, with some animals reaching the age of 50.

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

African Camels
African Camels








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™