Agriculture
Flush-Free Fertilizer
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Hungry bug seeks hot meal
Amphibians
Salamanders
Frogs and Toads
Salamanders and Newts
Animals
A Fallout Feast for Crabs
Return of the Lost Limbs
Moss Echoes of Hunting
Behavior
Seeing red means danger ahead
How Much Babies Know
The Smell of Trust
Birds
Robins
Carnivorous Birds
Parakeets
Chemistry and Materials
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
A Spider's Silky Strength
Diamond Glow
Computers
Graphene's superstrength
Electronic Paper Turns a Page
Earth from the inside out
Dinosaurs and Fossils
A Big, Weird Dino
The man who rocked biology to its core
Dino Flesh from Fossil Bone
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Earth
Deep History
Drilling Deep for Fuel
Life under Ice
Environment
Indoor ozone stopper
Where rivers run uphill
The Wolf and the Cow
Finding the Past
Chicken of the Sea
Settling the Americas
If Only Bones Could Speak
Fish
White Tip Sharks
Electric Catfish
Freshwater Fish
Food and Nutrition
Allergies: From Bee Stings to Peanuts
Moving Good Fats from Fish to Mice
The Essence of Celery
GSAT English Rules
Problems with Prepositions
Pronouns
Order of Adjectives
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Exam Preparation
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT Mathematics
Math of the World
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Mathematics Quiz, Teaching Math, teaching anxiety
Human Body
Nature's Medicines
Heart Revival
The tell-tale bacteria
Invertebrates
Oysters
Invertebrates
Mussels
Mammals
Narwhals
Bonobos
Wildcats
Parents
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
Physics
Black Hole Journey
Hold on to your stars, ladies and gentlemen
Road Bumps
Plants
Seeds of the Future
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Reptiles
Alligators
Rattlesnakes
Crocodiles
Space and Astronomy
Chaos Among the Planets
Cool as a Jupiter
An Icy Blob of Fluff
Technology and Engineering
Model Plane Flies the Atlantic
Switchable Lenses Improve Vision
Spinach Power for Solar Cells
The Parts of Speech
What is a Noun
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Adjectives and Adverbs
Transportation
Tinkering With the Basic Bike
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
How to Fly Like a Bat
Weather
Watering the Air
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Weekend Weather Really Is Different
Add your Article

Adjectives and Adverbs

Definitions:

Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (That is a cute puppy.) or they may follow the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.

The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so focus on these.

Rule 1

Generally, if a word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it can have an -ly added to it, place it there.

Examples:
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how, so no -ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an -ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.

Rule 2

A special -ly rule applies when four of the senses - taste, smell, look, feel - are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer the question how to determine if -ly should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb is being used actively. If so, use the -ly.

Examples:
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance? We are only describing appearance, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes, so the -ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no -ly.

Good vs. Well

Rule 3

The word good is an adjective, while well is an adverb.

Examples:
You did a good job.
Good describes the job.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odor, not how you smell with your nose, so follow with the adjective. You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here, so follow with the adverb.

Rule 4

When referring to health, use well rather than good.

Example:
I do not feel well. You do not look well today.

Note: You may use good with feel when you are not referring to health.

Example:
I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.

Rule 5

A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using the wrong form for comparison. For instance, to describe one thing we would say poor, as in, "She is poor." To compare two things, we should say poorer, as in, "She is the poorer of the two women." To compare more than two things, we should say poorest, as in, "She is the poorest of them all."

Examples:

One

Two

Three or More

sweet

sweeter

sweetest

bad

worse

worst

efficient*

more efficient*

most efficient*

*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don't add -er or -est. Use more or most in front of the words.

Rule 6

Never drop the -ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.

Correct:
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.

Incorrect:
She spoke quicker than he did.

Correct:
Talk quietly.
Talk more quietly.

Incorrect:
Talk quieter.

Rule 7

When this, that, these, and those are followed by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, they are pronouns.

Examples:
This house is for sale.
This is an adjective here.
This is for sale.
This is a pronoun here.

Rule 8

This and that are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. Thispoints to something nearby while that points to something "over there."

Examples:

This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This is mine.
That is hers.

Rule 9

These and those are plural, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns.These points to something nearby while those points to something "over there."

Examples:
These babies have been smiling for a long time.
These are mine. Those babies have been crying for hours. Those are yours.

Rule 10

Use than to show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.

Examples:
I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing.

I need more understanding


I'm ready for the quiz

Adjectives and Adverbs









Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™