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A Tongue and a Half
No Fair: Monkey Sees, Doesn't
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A Global Warming Flap
The (kids') eyes have it
Birds
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Chemistry and Materials
The metal detector in your mouth
The memory of a material
Diamond Glow
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Hitting the redo button on evolution
A Classroom of the Mind
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The Paleontologist and the Three Dinosaurs
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Earth
Greener Diet
Drilling Deep for Fuel
Polar Ice Feels the Heat
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The Wolf and the Cow
Eating Up Foul Sewage Smells
Finding the Past
Traces of Ancient Campfires
Your inner Neandertal
Meet your mysterious relative
Fish
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Food and Nutrition
Allergies: From Bee Stings to Peanuts
The Essence of Celery
Building a Food Pyramid
GSAT English Rules
Capitalization Rules
Who vs. That vs. Which
Whoever vs. Whomever
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Tarrant High overcoming the odds
The Annual GSAT Scholarships
10 Common Mistakes When Preparing for the GSAT Math Test
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Exam Preparation
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Mathematics
Math of the World
Monkeys Count
10 Common Mistakes When Preparing for the GSAT Math Test
Human Body
The tell-tale bacteria
A Fix for Injured Knees
Hey batter, wake up!
Invertebrates
Tapeworms
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Wasps
Mammals
Giant Panda
Poodles
Labradors
Parents
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
Physics
IceCube Science
Dreams of Floating in Space
Road Bumps
Plants
Stalking Plants by Scent
Farms sprout in cities
White fuzzy mold not as friendly as it looks
Reptiles
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Reptiles
Copperhead Snakes
Space and Astronomy
Roving the Red Planet
Zooming In on the Wild Sun
Solving a Sedna Mystery
Technology and Engineering
Toy Challenge
A Satellite of Your Own
A Clean Getaway
The Parts of Speech
What is a Verb?
Problems with Prepositions
Adjectives and Adverbs
Transportation
Tinkering With the Basic Bike
Flying the Hyper Skies
Troubles with Hubble
Weather
Recipe for a Hurricane
Either Martians or Mars has gas
Arctic Melt
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Adjectives and Adverbs

Definitions:

Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (That is a cute puppy.) or they may follow the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.

The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so focus on these.

Rule 1

Generally, if a word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it can have an -ly added to it, place it there.

Examples:
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how, so no -ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an -ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.

Rule 2

A special -ly rule applies when four of the senses - taste, smell, look, feel - are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer the question how to determine if -ly should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb is being used actively. If so, use the -ly.

Examples:
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance? We are only describing appearance, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes, so the -ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no -ly.

Good vs. Well

Rule 3

The word good is an adjective, while well is an adverb.

Examples:
You did a good job.
Good describes the job.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odor, not how you smell with your nose, so follow with the adjective. You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here, so follow with the adverb.

Rule 4

When referring to health, use well rather than good.

Example:
I do not feel well. You do not look well today.

Note: You may use good with feel when you are not referring to health.

Example:
I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.

Rule 5

A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using the wrong form for comparison. For instance, to describe one thing we would say poor, as in, "She is poor." To compare two things, we should say poorer, as in, "She is the poorer of the two women." To compare more than two things, we should say poorest, as in, "She is the poorest of them all."

Examples:

One

Two

Three or More

sweet

sweeter

sweetest

bad

worse

worst

efficient*

more efficient*

most efficient*

*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don't add -er or -est. Use more or most in front of the words.

Rule 6

Never drop the -ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.

Correct:
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.

Incorrect:
She spoke quicker than he did.

Correct:
Talk quietly.
Talk more quietly.

Incorrect:
Talk quieter.

Rule 7

When this, that, these, and those are followed by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, they are pronouns.

Examples:
This house is for sale.
This is an adjective here.
This is for sale.
This is a pronoun here.

Rule 8

This and that are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. Thispoints to something nearby while that points to something "over there."

Examples:

This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This is mine.
That is hers.

Rule 9

These and those are plural, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns.These points to something nearby while those points to something "over there."

Examples:
These babies have been smiling for a long time.
These are mine. Those babies have been crying for hours. Those are yours.

Rule 10

Use than to show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.

Examples:
I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing.

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