Agriculture
Making the most of a meal
Growing Healthier Tomato Plants
Silk’s superpowers
Amphibians
Poison Dart Frogs
Salamanders
Newts
Animals
Awake at Night
Return of the Lost Limbs
Cool Penguins
Behavior
Body clocks
Lost Sight, Found Sound
Giving Sharks Safe Homes
Birds
A Meal Plan for Birds
Penguins
Songbirds
Chemistry and Materials
Bandages that could bite back
Screaming for Ice Cream
Atomic Drive
Computers
The Shape of the Internet
Hitting the redo button on evolution
Galaxies on the go
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Dinosaurs Grow Up
Meet your mysterious relative
Did Dinosaurs Do Handstands?
E Learning Jamaica
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Earth from the inside out
A Grim Future for Some Killer Whales
Greener Diet
Environment
Shrinking Fish
Indoor ozone stopper
A Newspaper's Hidden Cost
Finding the Past
The Taming of the Cat
Oldest Writing in the New World
Unearthing Ancient Astronomy
Fish
A Grim Future for Some Killer Whales
Perches
Pygmy Sharks
Food and Nutrition
Making good, brown fat
Yummy bugs
Recipe for Health
GSAT English Rules
Who vs. Whom
Adjectives and Adverbs
Who vs. That vs. Which
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
March 21-22, 2013: Over 43,000 students will take the GSAT Exam
10 Common Mistakes When Preparing for the GSAT Math Test
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
GSAT Mathematics
Play for Science
A Sweet Advance in Candy Packing
Prime Time for Cicadas
Human Body
Spit Power
Sun Screen
Prime Time for Broken Bones
Invertebrates
Wasps
Sponges
Worms
Mammals
Donkeys
Cougars
Woolly Mammoths
Parents
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
Physics
The Pressure of Scuba Diving
Black Hole Journey
The Particle Zoo
Plants
Underwater Jungles
Springing forward
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Reptiles
Tortoises
Black Mamba
Snakes
Space and Astronomy
Ringing Saturn
Sun Flips Out to Flip-Flop
A Galaxy Far, Far, Far Away
Technology and Engineering
Weaving with Light
Slip Sliming Away
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
The Parts of Speech
What is a Preposition?
What is a Noun
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transportation
Revving Up Green Machines
Troubles with Hubble
Robots on a Rocky Road
Weather
Antarctica warms, which threatens penguins
Either Martians or Mars has gas
Recipe for a Hurricane
Add your Article

Adjectives and Adverbs

Definitions:

Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (That is a cute puppy.) or they may follow the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.

The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so focus on these.

Rule 1

Generally, if a word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it can have an -ly added to it, place it there.

Examples:
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how, so no -ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an -ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.

Rule 2

A special -ly rule applies when four of the senses - taste, smell, look, feel - are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer the question how to determine if -ly should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb is being used actively. If so, use the -ly.

Examples:
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance? We are only describing appearance, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes, so the -ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no -ly.

Good vs. Well

Rule 3

The word good is an adjective, while well is an adverb.

Examples:
You did a good job.
Good describes the job.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odor, not how you smell with your nose, so follow with the adjective. You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here, so follow with the adverb.

Rule 4

When referring to health, use well rather than good.

Example:
I do not feel well. You do not look well today.

Note: You may use good with feel when you are not referring to health.

Example:
I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.

Rule 5

A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using the wrong form for comparison. For instance, to describe one thing we would say poor, as in, "She is poor." To compare two things, we should say poorer, as in, "She is the poorer of the two women." To compare more than two things, we should say poorest, as in, "She is the poorest of them all."

Examples:

One

Two

Three or More

sweet

sweeter

sweetest

bad

worse

worst

efficient*

more efficient*

most efficient*

*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don't add -er or -est. Use more or most in front of the words.

Rule 6

Never drop the -ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.

Correct:
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.

Incorrect:
She spoke quicker than he did.

Correct:
Talk quietly.
Talk more quietly.

Incorrect:
Talk quieter.

Rule 7

When this, that, these, and those are followed by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, they are pronouns.

Examples:
This house is for sale.
This is an adjective here.
This is for sale.
This is a pronoun here.

Rule 8

This and that are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. Thispoints to something nearby while that points to something "over there."

Examples:

This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This is mine.
That is hers.

Rule 9

These and those are plural, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns.These points to something nearby while those points to something "over there."

Examples:
These babies have been smiling for a long time.
These are mine. Those babies have been crying for hours. Those are yours.

Rule 10

Use than to show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.

Examples:
I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing.

I need more understanding


I'm ready for the quiz

Adjectives and Adverbs









Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™